Mood and Memory: Mood congruity effects in absence of mood

Perrig, Walter J.; Perrig-Chiello, Pasqualina (1988). Mood and Memory: Mood congruity effects in absence of mood. Memory and Cognition, 16(2), pp. 102-109. Springer 10.3758/BF03213477

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Themood-congruity effect refers to facilitated processing of information when the affective valence of this information is congruent with the subject’s mood. In this paper we argue that mood may be a sufficient but not a necessary condition to produce the mood-congruity effect of selective learning. Two experiments are presented in which subjects learned lists of words with neutral, positive, and negative affective valences. In the learning task the subjects were instructed to behave as if they were depressed or happy. The mood-congruity effect was indeed obtained. The effect was stronger with subjects who “predicted” the relationship between mood and affective word valence than with subjects who were unaware of this relationship. The results are not simply attributed to task demands, but are interpreted in terms of a model of cognitive processes and people’s knowledge about mood states.

Item Type: Journal Article (Original Article)
Division/Institute: 07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Developmental Psychology
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Experimental Psychology and Neuropsychology
UniBE Contributor: Perrig, Walter and Perrig-Chiello, Pasqualina
Subjects: 100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
ISSN: 1532-5946
Publisher: Springer
Language: English
Submitter: Anna Maria Ruprecht
Date Deposited: 11 Sep 2014 07:14
Last Modified: 10 Nov 2015 14:23
Publisher DOI: 10.3758/BF03213477
URI: http://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/53009

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