Low reliability of perceptual priming: consequences for the interpretation of functional dissociations between explicit and implicit memory

Meier, Beat; Perrig, Walter J. (2000). Low reliability of perceptual priming: consequences for the interpretation of functional dissociations between explicit and implicit memory. Quarterly journal of experimental psychology. Section A - human experimental psychology, 53(1), pp. 211-233. Psychology Press 10.1080/713755878

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In this study, three experiments are presented that investigate the reliability of memory measures. In Experiment 1, the well-known dissociation between explicit (recall, recognition) and implicit memory (picture clarification) as a function of age in a sample of 335 persons aged between 65 and 95 was replicated. Test-retest reliability was significantly lower in implicit than in explicit measures. In Experiment 2, parallel-test reliabilities in a student sample confirmed the finding of Experiment 1. In Experiment 3, the reliability of cued recall and word stem completion was investigated. There were significant priming effects and a dissociation between explicit and implicit memory as a function of levels of processing. However, the reliability of implicit memory measures was again substantially lower than in explicit tests in all test conditions. As a consequence, differential reliabilities of direct and indirect memory tests should be considered as a possible determinant of dissociations between explicit and implicit memory as a function of experimental or quasi-experimental manipulations.

Item Type: Journal Article (Original Article)
Division/Institute: 07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Experimental Psychology and Neuropsychology
UniBE Contributor: Perrig, Walter
Subjects: 100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
ISSN: 0272-4987
Publisher: Psychology Press
Language: English
Submitter: Anna Maria Ruprecht
Date Deposited: 08 Aug 2014 17:13
Last Modified: 08 Aug 2014 17:13
Publisher DOI: 10.1080/713755878
URI: http://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/53139

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