Detecting Analogies Unconsciously

Reber, Thomas P.; Luechinger, Roger; Boesiger, Peter; Henke, Katharina (2014). Detecting Analogies Unconsciously. Frontiers in behavioral neuroscience, 8, p. 9. Frontiers Research Foundation 10.3389/fnbeh.2014.00009

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Analogies may arise from the conscious detection of similarities between a present and a past situation. In this functional magnetic resonance imaging study, we tested whether young volunteers would detect analogies unconsciously between a current supraliminal (visible) and a past subliminal (invisible) situation. The subliminal encoding of the past situation precludes awareness of analogy detection in the current situation. First, participants encoded subliminal pairs of unrelated words in either one or nine encoding trials. Later, they judged the semantic fit of supraliminally presented new words that either retained a previously encoded semantic relation (“analog”) or not (“broken analog”). Words in analogs versus broken analogs were judged closer semantically, which indicates unconscious analogy detection. Hippocampal activity associated with subliminal encoding correlated with the behavioral measure of unconscious analogy detection. Analogs versus broken analogs were processed with reduced prefrontal but enhanced medial temporal activity. We conclude that analogous episodes can be detected even unconsciously drawing on the episodic memory network.

Item Type: Journal Article (Original Article)
Division/Institute: 07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Experimental Psychology and Neuropsychology
10 Strategic Research Centers > Center for Cognition, Learning and Memory (CCLM)
UniBE Contributor: Reber, Thomas and Henke, Katharina
Subjects: 100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
ISSN: 1662-5153
Publisher: Frontiers Research Foundation
Language: English
Submitter: Anna Maria Ruprecht
Date Deposited: 01 Dec 2014 11:17
Last Modified: 26 Jun 2016 01:56
Publisher DOI: 10.3389/fnbeh.2014.00009
PubMed ID: 24478656
BORIS DOI: 10.7892/boris.60205

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