Rey-Mermet, Alodie; Meier, Beat (2014). More conflict does not trigger more adjustment of cognitive control for subsequent events: A study of the bivalency effect. Acta psychologica, 145, pp. 111-117. Elsevier 10.1016/j.actpsy.2013.11.005
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Encountering a conflict triggers an adjustment of cognitive control. This adjustment of cognitive control can even affect subsequent performance. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether more conflict triggers more adjustment of cognitive control for subsequent performance. To this end, we focussed on the bivalency effect, that is, the adjustment of cognitive control following the conflict induced by bivalent stimuli (i.e., stimuli with relevant features for two tasks). In two experiments, we tested whether the amount of conflict triggered by bivalent stimuli affected the bivalency effect. Bivalent stimuli were either compatible (i.e., affording one response) or incompatible (i.e., affording two different responses). Thus, compatible bivalent stimuli involved a task conflict, whereas incompatible bivalent stimuli involved a task and a response conflict. The results showed that the bivalency effect was not affected by this manipulation. This indicates that more conflict does not trigger more adjustment of cognitive control for subsequent performance. Therefore, only the occurrence of conflict--not its amount--is determinant for cognitive control.
|Item Type:||Journal Article (Original Article)|
|Division/Institute:||07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Experimental Psychology and Neuropsychology
10 Strategic Research Centers > Center for Cognition, Learning and Memory (CCLM)
|UniBE Contributor:||Rey-Mermet, Alodie and Meier, Beat|
|Subjects:||100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
|Submitter:||Anna Maria Ruprecht|
|Date Deposited:||01 Dec 2014 15:36|
|Last Modified:||21 Oct 2015 10:39|