A Time-based Passive Source Localization System for Narrow-band Signal

Li, Zan; Braun, Torsten; Dimitrova, Desislava Cvetanova (June 2015). A Time-based Passive Source Localization System for Narrow-band Signal (In Press). In: The IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC) 2015. IEEE

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Time-based indoor localization has been investigated for several years but the accuracy of existing solutions is limited by several factors, e.g., imperfect synchronization, signal bandwidth and indoor environment. In this paper, we compare two time-based localization algorithms for narrow-band signals, i.e., multilateration and fingerprinting. First, we develop a new Linear Least Square (LLS) algorithm for Differential Time Difference Of Arrival (DTDOA). Second, fingerprinting is among the most successful approaches used for indoor localization and typically relies on the collection of measurements on signal strength over the area of interest. We propose an alternative by constructing fingerprints of fine-grained time information of the radio signal. We offer comprehensive analytical discussions on the feasibility of the approaches, which are backed up by evaluations in a software defined radio based IEEE 802.15.4 testbed. Our work contributes to research on localization with narrow-band signals. The results show that our proposed DTDOA-based LLS algorithm obviously improves the localization accuracy compared to traditional TDOA-based LLS algorithm but the accuracy is still limited because of the complex indoor environment. Furthermore, we show that time-based fingerprinting is a promising alternative to power-based fingerprinting.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Division/Institute: 08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Computer Science (INF) > Communication and Distributed Systems (CDS)
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Computer Science (INF)
UniBE Contributor: Li, Zan; Braun, Torsten and Dimitrova, Desislava Cvetanova
Subjects: 000 Computer science, knowledge & systems
500 Science > 510 Mathematics
Publisher: IEEE
Submitter: Jonnahtan Eduardo Saltarin de Arco
Date Deposited: 06 Mar 2015 08:37
Last Modified: 02 Jun 2017 02:34
BORIS DOI: 10.7892/boris.64093
URI: http://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/64093

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