The influence of the valence of events on the intention superiority effect over the life-course

Walter, Stefan Markus; Meier, Beat (27 May 2014). The influence of the valence of events on the intention superiority effect over the life-course (Unpublished). In: 4th International conference of prospective memory. Neapel. 26.05.-30.05.2014.

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According to the intention superiority effect, people remember more future intentions than past events. Moreover, several studies have shown a facilitation of retrieving positive compared to negative or neutral events. The aim of the present study was to investigate the influence of age on the intention superiority effect for positive, negative and neutral events. We asked a group of young and a group of older adults to report their future intentions and their memories of past events from a specific time-window (i.e., day, week or year). Additionally, we prompted them to rate each intention/memory as positive, negative or neutral. The results showed more positive than negative or neutral future and past events in both age-groups and more negative events of young adults compared with reported negative events of older adults. Critically, there was an intention superiority effect for positive events in both age-groups, but only in the “year” time-window. These results suggest that the retrieval of positive future events is facilitated, at least for a large time-perspective, and independent of age-effects.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Division/Institute: 07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Experimental Psychology and Neuropsychology
UniBE Contributor: Walter, Stefan Markus and Meier, Beat
Subjects: 100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
Language: English
Submitter: Anna Maria Ruprecht
Date Deposited: 07 Apr 2015 13:45
Last Modified: 07 Apr 2015 13:45
Uncontrolled Keywords: Intention superiority effect, valence, age, time perspective
URI: http://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/65136

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