Prospective Memory, Retrospective Memory, Executive Functions, and Metacognition: How they are linked longitudinally in young elementary school children

Spiess, Manuela; Roebers, Claudia M.; Meier, Beat (22 September 2014). Prospective Memory, Retrospective Memory, Executive Functions, and Metacognition: How they are linked longitudinally in young elementary school children (Unpublished). In: 49. Kongress der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Psychologie - Die Vielfalt der Psychologie. Bochum, Deutschland. 21.-25.09.2014.

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Succeeding in everyday activities often requires executive functioning (EF), metacognitive abilities (MC) and memory skills such as prospective memory (PM) and retrospective memory (RM). These cognitive abilities seem to gradually develop in childhood, possibly influencing each other during development. From a theoretical point of view, it is likely that they are closely interrelated, especially in children. Their empirical relation, however, is less clear. A model that links these cognitive abilities can help to better understand the relation between PM and RM and other cognitive processes. In this project we studied the longitudinal development of PM, RM, EF, and MC in 7-8 year old elementary school children across half a year. 119 second graders (MT1 = 95 months, SDT1, = 4.8 months) completed the same PM, RM, EF and MC tasks twice with a time-lag of 7 months. The developmental progression was analysed using paired t-tests, the longitudinal relationships were analysed using confirmatory factor analysis and all fit indices are in accordance with Hu and Bentler (1998). In general, performance improved significantly (ps < .001) and effect sizes ranged from .45 to .62 (Cohen’s d). CFA revealed a good model fit, c2(227, 119) = 242.56, p = .23, TLI = .973, CFI = .979, RMSEA = .024. At T1, significant cross-sectional links were found between PM T1 and RM T1, between PM T1 and EF T1, and between EF T1 and MC T1. Moreover, significant longitudinal links were found between EFT1 and PMT2 and between EFT1 and MCT2; EF T1 and RM T2 were marginally linked. Results underline previous findings showing that PM, RM, EF, and MC develop significantly during childhood, even within this short time period. Results also indicate that these cognitive abilities are linked not only cross-sectionally, but longitudinally. Most relevant, however, is the predictive role of EF for both metacognition and memory.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Division/Institute: 07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Experimental Psychology and Neuropsychology
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Developmental Psychology
UniBE Contributor: Spiess, Manuela; Roebers, Claudia and Meier, Beat
Subjects: 100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
Language: English
Submitter: Anna Maria Ruprecht
Date Deposited: 01 Apr 2015 13:56
Last Modified: 26 Sep 2015 14:42
Additional Information: Arbeitsgruppe: Remember to be there: New insight into the cognitive, emotional, developmental, and motivational aspects of prospective memory
URI: http://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/65460

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