Longitudinal relationships between prospective memory, executive functions, and metacognition in young elementary school children

Spiess, Manuela; Roebers, Claudia M.; Meier, Beat (28 May 2014). Longitudinal relationships between prospective memory, executive functions, and metacognition in young elementary school children (Unpublished). In: 4th International Conference on Prospective Memory. Naples, Italy. 26.-30.05.2014.

Prospective Memory (PM), executive functions (EF) and metacognition (MC) are relevant cognitive abilities for everyday functioning. They all seem to develop gradually in childhood and appear to be theoretically closely related; however, their empirical links remain unclear, especially in children. As a recent study revealed significant cross-sectional links between PM and EF, and a weaker but close link between PM and MC in 2nd graders (Spiess, Meier, & Roebers, submitted), this study focused on their short-term relationships and on their development. 119 children (MT1 =95 months, SDT1, = 4.8 months) completed the same tasks (one PM, three EF, one MC task) twice with a time-lag of 7 months. T-tests showed significant improvements in all tasks, except in the updating task. Different structural equation models were contrasted (AMOS); the best fitting model revealed that PMT2 was similarly predicted by PMT1 (r = .33) and EFT1 (r = .34). Additionally, EFT1 predicted MCT2 (r = .44), chi2(118, 119) = 128.91, p = .23, TLI = .968, CFI = .978, RMSEA = .028. Results show that PM, EF, and MC develop during childhood and also demonstrate that they are linked not only cross-sectionally, but longitudinally. Findings are discussed in a broader developmental framework.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Division/Institute: 07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Experimental Psychology and Neuropsychology
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Developmental Psychology
UniBE Contributor: Spiess, Manuela; Roebers, Claudia and Meier, Beat
Subjects: 100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
Language: English
Submitter: Anna Maria Ruprecht
Date Deposited: 02 Apr 2015 11:15
Last Modified: 26 Sep 2015 14:43
URI: http://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/65467

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