A different perspective on poverty in Lao PDR: Multidimensional poverty in Lao PDR for the years 2002/2003 and 2007/2008

Bader, Christoph; Bieri, Sabin; Wiesmann, Urs Martin; Heinimann, Andreas (2016). A different perspective on poverty in Lao PDR: Multidimensional poverty in Lao PDR for the years 2002/2003 and 2007/2008. Social indicators research, 126(2), pp. 483-502. Springer 10.1007/s11205-015-0900-2

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This paper presents an indicator for measuring multidimensional poverty in the Lao People’s Democratic Republic applying the Alkire–Foster methodology to the Lao Expenditure and Consumption Survey 2002/2003 and 2007/2008. We calculated a multidimensional poverty index (MPI) that includes three dimensions: education, health, and standard of living. Making use of the MPI’s decomposability, we analyse how much each of the different dimensions and its respective indicators contribute to the overall MPI. We find a marked reduction in the multidimensional poverty headcount ratio over the study period, regardless of how the indicators are weighted or how the deprivation and poverty cut-offs are set. This reduction is based on improvements regarding all indicators except cooking fuel and nutrition. We observe no significant reduction in the intensity of poverty, however; there are wide disparities between the country’s regions and between urban and rural areas. The proportion of poor people in rural areas is more than twice as high as that in urban areas. By complementing the traditional income-based poverty measure, we hope to provide useful information that can support knowledge-based decision-making for poverty alleviation.

Item Type: Journal Article (Original Article)
Division/Institute: 08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography > Integrative Geography > Unit Geography of Sustainable Development
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography > Integrative Geography
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography
10 Strategic Research Centers > Centre for Development and Environment (CDE)
Graduate School: International Graduate School North-South (IGS North-South)
UniBE Contributor: Bader, Christoph; Bieri, Sabin; Wiesmann, Urs Martin and Heinimann, Andreas
Subjects: 900 History > 910 Geography & travel
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 330 Economics
ISSN: 0303-8300
Publisher: Springer
Projects: [431] Multidimensional poverty in Lao PDR
Language: English
Submitter: Melissa Hofstetter
Date Deposited: 10 Apr 2015 10:54
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2016 12:23
Publisher DOI: 10.1007/s11205-015-0900-2
BORIS DOI: 10.7892/boris.66271
URI: http://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/66271

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