The Neuropsychological Assessment of Cognitive Deficits Considering Measures of Performance Variability

Tanner-Eggen, Céline; Balzer, Christian; Perrig, Walter J.; Gutbrod, Klemens (2015). The Neuropsychological Assessment of Cognitive Deficits Considering Measures of Performance Variability. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 30(3), pp. 217-227. Oxford University Press 10.1093/arclin/acv008

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Neuropsychologists often face interpretational difficulties when assessing cognitive deficits, particularly in cases of unclear cerebral etiology. How can we be sure whether a single test score below the population average is indicative of a pathological brain condition or normal? In the past few years, the topic of intra-individual performance variability has gained great interest. On the basis of a large normative sample, two measures of performance variability and their importance for neuropsychological interpretation will be presented in this paper: the number of low scores and the level of dispersion.We conclude that low scores are common in healthy individuals. On the other hand, the level of dispersion is relatively small. Here, base rate information about abnormally low scores and abnormally high dispersion across cognitive abilities are providedto improve the awareness of normal variability and to serve clinicians as additional interpretive measures in the diagnostic process.

Item Type: Journal Article (Original Article)
Division/Institute: 04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Department of Clinical Research (DCR) > DCR Unit Sahli Building > Forschungsgruppe Neurologie
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Neurology
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Experimental Psychology and Neuropsychology
UniBE Contributor: Perrig, Walter and Gutbrod, Klemens
Subjects: 600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology
ISSN: 0887-6177
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Language: English
Submitter: Anna Maria Ruprecht
Date Deposited: 05 Aug 2015 08:34
Last Modified: 02 May 2016 11:05
Publisher DOI: 10.1093/arclin/acv008
PubMed ID: 25779599
Uncontrolled Keywords: Base rates; Dispersion; Low scores; Neuropsychological assessment; Normal variability
BORIS DOI: 10.7892/boris.70678

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