Evidence for an encounter expectancy bias in fear of spiders.

Aue, Tatjana; Hoeppli, Marie-Eve (2012). Evidence for an encounter expectancy bias in fear of spiders. Cognition and emotion, 26(4), pp. 727-736. Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group 10.1080/02699931.2011.602241

Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy)

Whereas research has demonstrated that phobic or fearful individuals overestimate the likelihood of incurring aversive consequences from an encounter with feared stimuli, it has not yet been systematically investigated whether these individuals also overestimate the likelihood (i.e., the frequency) of such encounters. In the current study, spider-fearful and control participants were presented with background information that allowed them to estimate the overall likelihood that different kinds of animals (spiders, snakes, or birds) would be encountered. Spider-fearful participants systematically overestimated the likelihood of encountering a spider with respect to the likelihood of encountering a snake or a bird. No such expectancy bias was observed in control participants. The results thus strengthen our idea that there indeed exist two different types of expectancy bias in high fear and phobia that can be related to different components of the fear response. A conscientious distinction and examination of these two types of expectancy bias are of potential interest for therapeutic applications.

Item Type: Journal Article (Original Article)
Division/Institute: 07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Experimental Psychology and Neuropsychology
UniBE Contributor: Aue, Tatjana
Subjects: 100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
ISSN: 0269-9931
Publisher: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group
Language: English
Submitter: Tatjana Aue
Date Deposited: 24 Aug 2015 11:16
Last Modified: 24 Aug 2015 11:16
Publisher DOI: 10.1080/02699931.2011.602241
PubMed ID: 21957987
URI: http://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/71221

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback