Anger and fear: Separable effects of emotion and motivational direction on somatovisceral responses.

Stemmler, Gerhard; Aue, Tatjana; Wacker, Jan (2007). Anger and fear: Separable effects of emotion and motivational direction on somatovisceral responses. International journal of psychophysiology, 66(2), pp. 141-153. Elsevier 10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2007.03.019

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We studied whether emotion (anger vs. fear) and motivational direction (approach vs. withdrawal) have specific, separable, and independent somatovisceral response patterns. Imagination scripts about soccer game episodes with crossed Emotion x Motivational Direction content resulting in four experimental groups were presented to a total of N = 118 active soccer players. Self-reports reflected the emotion but not the motivational direction induction. Univariate and multivariate analyses of 24 somatovisceral variables and 2 a priori defined summary variables showed that anger and fear had specific response profiles with effect sizes correlating r = 0.53 with the respective effect sizes from a previous study. Approach and withdrawal profiles varied only in intensity. Emotion and motivational direction did not interact and had independent somatovisceral effects. Results suggest that anger and fear have separate underlying neurobiological organizations each capable of bi-directional motivational tuning of efferent pathways. Results support the Component Model of Somatovisceral Response Organization.

Item Type: Journal Article (Original Article)
Division/Institute: 07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Experimental Psychology and Neuropsychology
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology
UniBE Contributor: Aue, Tatjana
Subjects: 100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
ISSN: 0167-8760
Publisher: Elsevier
Language: English
Submitter: Tatjana Aue
Date Deposited: 24 Aug 2015 10:42
Last Modified: 24 Aug 2015 10:42
Publisher DOI: 10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2007.03.019
PubMed ID: 17544534
URI: http://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/71226

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