The impact of absolute importance and processing overlaps on prospective memory performance

Walter, Stefan Markus; Meier, Beat (2015). The impact of absolute importance and processing overlaps on prospective memory performance. Applied cognitive psychology, 30(2), pp. 170-177. Wiley 10.1002/acp.3174

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Prospective memory is the ability to remember an intention at an appropriate moment in the future. Prospective memory tasks can be more or less important. Previously, importance was manipulated by emphasizing the importance of the prospective memory task relative to the ongoing task it was embedded in. This resulted in better prospective memory performance but also ongoing task costs. In the present study, we simply instructed one group of participants that the prospective memory task was important (i.e., absolute importance instruction) and compared them to a group with relative importance instructions and a control group. The results showed that absolute importance lead to an increase in prospective memory performance without enhancing ongoing task costs, whereas relative importance resulted in both increased prospective memory performance and ongoing task costs. Thus, prospective memory can be enhanced without ongoing task costs, which is particularly crucial for safety-work contexts.

Item Type: Journal Article (Original Article)
Division/Institute: 07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Experimental Psychology and Neuropsychology
UniBE Contributor: Walter, Stefan Markus and Meier, Beat
Subjects: 100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology
ISSN: 0888-4080
Publisher: Wiley
Language: English
Submitter: Stefan Markus Walter
Date Deposited: 05 Oct 2015 17:03
Last Modified: 26 Jun 2016 02:07
Publisher DOI: 10.1002/acp.3174
BORIS DOI: 10.7892/boris.71826
URI: http://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/71826

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