Thyroid function tests in the reference range and fracture: individual participant analysis of prospective cohorts.

Aubert, Carole E; Floriani, Carmen; Bauer, Douglas C; Da Costa, Bruno; Segna, Daniel; Blum, Manuel R; Collet, Tinh-Hai; Fink, Howard A; Cappola, Anne R; Syrogiannouli, Lamprini; Peeters, Robin P; Åsvold, Bjørn O; den Elzen, Wendy Pj; Luben, Robert N; Bremner, Alexandra P; Gogakos, Apostolos; Eastell, Richard; Kearney, Patricia M; Hoff, Mari; Le Blanc, Erin; ... (2017). Thyroid function tests in the reference range and fracture: individual participant analysis of prospective cohorts. Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism, 102(8), pp. 2719-2728. Endocrine Society 10.1210/jc.2017-00294

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Context Hyperthyroidism is associated with increased fracture risk, but it is not clear if lower TSH and higher free thyroxine (FT4) in euthyroid individuals are associated with fracture risk. Objective To evaluate the association of TSH and FT4 with incident fractures in euthyroid individuals. Design Individual participant data analysis. Setting Thirteen prospective cohort studies with baseline examinations between 1981 and 2002. Participants Adults with baseline TSH 0.45-4.49 mIU/L. Main Outcome Measures Primary outcome was incident hip fracture. Secondary outcomes were any, non-vertebral, and vertebral fractures. Results were presented as hazard ratios (HR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) adjusted for age and sex. For clinical relevance, we studied TSH according to five categories: 0.45-0.99mIU/L; 1.00-1.49mIU/L; 1.50-2.49mIU/L; 2.50-3.49mIU/L; 3.50-4.49mIU/L (reference). FT4 was assessed as study-specific standard deviation increase, because assays varied between cohorts. Results During 659,059 person-years, 2,565/56,835 participants had hip fracture (4.5%; 12 studies with data on hip fracture). The pooled adjusted HR (95% CI) for hip fracture was 1.25 (1.05-1.49) for TSH 0.45-0.99mIU/L, 1.19 (1.01-1.41) for TSH 1.00-1.49mIU/L, 1.09 (0.93-1.28) for TSH 1.50-2.49mIU/L, and 1.12 (0.94-1.33) for TSH 2.50-3.49mIU/L (P for trend = 0.004). Hip fracture was also associated with FT4 (HR [95%CI] 1.22 [1.11-1.35] per one standard deviation increase in FT4). FT4 only was associated with any and non-vertebral fracture. Results remained similar in sensitivity analyses. Conclusions Among euthyroid adults, lower TSH and higher FT4 are associated with an increased risk of hip fracture. These findings may help refine the definition of optimal ranges of thyroid function tests.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Cardiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Medical Education > Institute of General Practice and Primary Care (BIHAM)
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of General Internal Medicine (DAIM) > Clinic of General Internal Medicine > Centre of Competence for General Internal Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of General Internal Medicine (DAIM) > Clinic of General Internal Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Aubert, Carole Elodie; Floriani, Carmen; Da Costa, Bruno; Segna, Daniel; Blum, Manuel; Syrogiannouli, Lamprini; Aujesky, Drahomir and Rodondi, Nicolas

Subjects:

300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 360 Social problems & social services
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0021-972X

Publisher:

Endocrine Society

Language:

English

Submitter:

Doris Kopp Heim

Date Deposited:

16 May 2017 13:22

Last Modified:

06 May 2018 02:30

Publisher DOI:

10.1210/jc.2017-00294

PubMed ID:

28482002

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.100182

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/100182

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