PLANT MACROFOSSIL RECORDS | Late Glacial Multidisciplinary Studies

Ammann, Brigitta; Birks, H.H.; Walanus, A.; Wasylikowa, K. (2013). PLANT MACROFOSSIL RECORDS | Late Glacial Multidisciplinary Studies. In: Elias, Scott A. (ed.) Encyclopedia of Quaternary Science (pp. 785-793). Elsevier 10.1016/B978-0-444-53643-3.00217-X

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Amplitudes and rates of climate changes and environmental responses were especially high during the Late Glacial (ca. 16 000–11 500 years BP). By applying several methods on the same material (if possible on the same core to avoid correlation problems), the uncertainties and weaknesses of single disciplines can be reduced. Case studies are summarized to illustrate three types of research questions: What were the qualitative changes in the Late Glacial? How large were the temperature changes quantitatively? and What were the biotic responses to an independently recorded temperature change? Plant macrofossils play an important role in answering these questions. When several biostratigraphies and isotope stratigraphies are combined in a multidisciplinary study, we may disentangle the changes in various ecological factors, such as temperature, effective moisture, salinity, pH, or nutrient availability.

Item Type:

Book Section (Encyclopedia Article)

Division/Institute:

10 Strategic Research Centers > Oeschger Centre for Climate Change Research (OCCR)
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS) > Palaeoecology
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS)

UniBE Contributor:

Ammann, Brigitta

Subjects:

500 Science > 580 Plants (Botany)

ISBN:

978-0-444-53642-6

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Peter Alfred von Ballmoos-Haas

Date Deposited:

15 Jan 2018 12:08

Last Modified:

15 Jan 2018 12:08

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/B978-0-444-53643-3.00217-X

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Biotic Responses; Climate Change; Climate Reconstruction; Iran; Kråkenes; Late Glacial; Multidisciplinary Study; Norway; Plant Macrofossils; Qualitative Environmental Reconstruction; Quantitative Climate Reconstruction; Switzerland; Swiss Plateau; Zeribar

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.100867

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/100867

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