Coastal upwelling is linked to temporal genetic variability in the acorn barnacle Balanus glandula

Barshis, D. J.; Sotka, E. E.; Kelly, R. P.; Sivasundar, A.; Menge, B. A.; Barth, J. A.; Palumbi, S. R. (2011). Coastal upwelling is linked to temporal genetic variability in the acorn barnacle Balanus glandula. Marine ecology progress series, 439, pp. 139-150. Oldendorf (Luhe) (D): Inter-Research 10.3354/meps09339

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Dispersal and recruitment are central processes that shape the geographic and temporal distributions of populations of marine organisms. However, significant variability in factors such as reproductive output, larval transport, survival, and settlement success can alter the genetic identity of recruits from year to year. We designed a temporal and spatial sampling protocol to test for genetic heterogeneity among adults and recruits from multiple time points along a similar to 400 km stretch of the Oregon (USA) coastline. In total, 2824 adult and recruiting Balanus glandula were sampled between 2001 and 2008 from 9 sites spanning the Oregon coast. Consistent with previous studies, we observed high mitochondrial DNA diversity at the cytochrome oxidase I locus (884 unique haplotypes) and little to no spatial genetic population structure among the 9 sites (Phi(ST) = 0.00026, p = 0.170). However, subtle but significant temporal shifts in genetic composition were observed among year classes (Phi(ST) = 0.00071, p = 0.035), and spatial Phi(ST) varied from year to year. These temporal shifts in genetic structure were correlated with yearly differences in the strength of coastal upwelling (p = 0.002), with greater population structure observed in years with weaker upwelling. Higher levels of barnacle settlement were also observed in years with weaker upwelling (p < 0.001). These data suggest the hypothesis that low upwelling intensity maintains more local larvae close to shore, thereby shaping the genetic structure and settlement rate of recruitment year classes.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Ecology and Evolution (IEE)

UniBE Contributor:

Sivasundar, Arjun








Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:27

Last Modified:

17 Mar 2015 21:11

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URI: (FactScience: 215943)

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