The reference cube: A new ballistic model to generate staining in firearm barrels.

Schyma, Christian; Bauer, Kristina; Brünig, Julia (2017). The reference cube: A new ballistic model to generate staining in firearm barrels. Forensic science, medicine, and pathology, 13(2), pp. 188-195. Springer 10.1007/s12024-017-9868-3

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After contact shots to the head biological traces can be found inside firearm barrels. So far silicone coated, gelatin filled box models were used to generate such staining according to the triple contrast method (mixture of acrylic paint, barium sulfate and blood sealed in a thin foil bag). This study was conducted to develop a transparent ballistic model allowing contact shots. Gelatin filled polyethylene bottles with and without a silicone coat were tested in comparison to non-covered gelatin blocks. Finally, thin foil bags of 5 cm × 5 cm dimension were glued on a synthetic absorbent kitchen wipe on top of which 1 L 10% gelatin solution was molded to create blocks of 8.5 cm length. A kitchen wipe with a paint pad on its inside formed the front of the cube. Three contact shots each with a 9 mm Luger pistol and a .38 special revolver were performed on all model variations. The staining was documented by endoscopy and swabs gathered from both ends of the barrel were analyzed by quantitative PCR. Reliable staining was achieved using the front covered gelatin block with comparable results to the silicone coated box model used before. For further research using ballistic models to simulate a human head a symmetric form of the gelatin block such as a cube is recommended.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Legal Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Legal Medicine > Forensic Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Bauer, Kristina and Brünig, Julia

ISSN:

1556-2891

Publisher:

Springer

Language:

English

Submitter:

Antoinette Angehrn

Date Deposited:

07 Aug 2017 13:46

Last Modified:

07 Aug 2017 13:46

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s12024-017-9868-3

PubMed ID:

28444619

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Backspatter Biological traces Firearm Gun barrel Suicide Wound ballistics

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.101147

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/101147

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