Forensic 3D Visualization of CT Data Using Cinematic Volume Rendering: A Preliminary Study.

Ebert, Lars C; Schweitzer, Wolf; Gascho, Dominic; Ruder, Thomas; Flach, Patricia M; Thali, Michael J; Ampanozi, Garyfalia (2017). Forensic 3D Visualization of CT Data Using Cinematic Volume Rendering: A Preliminary Study. American Journal of Roentgenology, 208(2), pp. 233-240. American Roentgen Ray Society 10.2214/AJR.16.16499

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OBJECTIVE The 3D volume-rendering technique (VRT) is commonly used in forensic radiology. Its main function is to explain medical findings to state attorneys, judges, or police representatives. New visualization algorithms permit the generation of almost photorealistic volume renderings of CT datasets. The objective of this study is to present and compare a variety of radiologic findings to illustrate the differences between and the advantages and limitations of the current VRT and the physically based cinematic rendering technique (CRT). MATERIALS AND METHODS Seventy volunteers were shown VRT and CRT reconstructions of 10 different cases. They were asked to mark the findings on the images and rate them in terms of realism and understandability. RESULTS A total of 48 of the 70 questionnaires were returned and included in the analysis. On the basis of most of the findings presented, CRT appears to be equal or superior to VRT with respect to the realism and understandability of the visualized findings. Overall, in terms of realism, the difference between the techniques was statistically significant (p < 0.05). Most participants perceived the CRT findings to be more understandable than the VRT findings, but that difference was not statistically significant (p > 0.05). CONCLUSION CRT, which is similar to conventional VRT, is not primarily intended for diagnostic radiologic image analysis, and therefore it should be used primarily as a tool to deliver visual information in the form of radiologic image reports. Using CRT for forensic visualization might have advantages over using VRT if conveying a high degree of visual realism is of importance. Most of the shortcomings of CRT have to do with the software being an early prototype.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Radiology, Neuroradiology and Nuclear Medicine (DRNN) > Institute of Diagnostic, Interventional and Paediatric Radiology

UniBE Contributor:

Ruder, Thomas


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health




American Roentgen Ray Society




Nicole Rösch

Date Deposited:

13 Sep 2017 13:15

Last Modified:

13 Sep 2017 13:15

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

3D visualization cinematic rendering forensic imaging postmortem CT volume rendering




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