Species-specific regulation of herbivory-induced defoliation tolerance is associated with jasmonate inducibility

Machado, Ricardo A. R.; Zhou, Wenwu; Ferrieri, Abigail P.; Arce, Carla C. M.; Baldwin, Ian T.; Xu, Shuqing; Erb, Matthias (2017). Species-specific regulation of herbivory-induced defoliation tolerance is associated with jasmonate inducibility. Ecology and evolution, 7(11), pp. 3703-3712. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 10.1002/ece3.2953

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Induced changes in root carbohydrate pools are commonly assumed to determine plant defoliation tolerance to herbivores. However, the regulation and species specificity of these two traits are not well understood. We determined herbivory-induced changes in root carbohydrates and defoliation tolerance in seven different solanaceous plant species and correlated the induced changes in root carbohydrates and defoliation tolerance with jasmonate inducibility. Across species, we observed strong species-specific variation for all measured traits. Closer inspection revealed that the different species fell into two distinct groups: Species with a strong induced jasmonic acid (JA) burst suffered from a reduction in root carbohydrate pools and reduced defoliation tolerance, while species with a weak induced JA burst maintained root carbohydrate pools and tolerated defoliation. Induced JA levels predicted carbohydrate and regrowth responses better than jasmonoyl-L-isoleucine (JA-Ile) levels. Our study shows that induced JA signaling, root carbohydrate responses, and defoliation tolerance are closely linked, but highly species specific, even among closely related species. We propose that defoliation tolerance may evolve rapidly via changes in the plant's defense signaling network.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS) > Biotic Interactions
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS)

UniBE Contributor:

Ruiz Machado, Ricardo Alberto; Marques Arce, Carla Cristina and Erb, Matthias

Subjects:

500 Science > 580 Plants (Botany)

ISSN:

2045-7758

Publisher:

John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Language:

English

Submitter:

Peter Alfred von Ballmoos-Haas

Date Deposited:

09 Aug 2017 17:27

Last Modified:

28 Feb 2018 10:29

Publisher DOI:

10.1002/ece3.2953

PubMed ID:

28616167

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.101506

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/101506

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