A novel role for embigin to promote sprouting of motor nerve terminals at the neuromuscular junction.

Lain, Enzo; Carnejac, Soizic; Escher, Pascal; Wilson, Marieangela C; Lømo, Terje; Gajendran, Nadesan; Brenner, Hans Rudolf (2009). A novel role for embigin to promote sprouting of motor nerve terminals at the neuromuscular junction. Journal of biological chemistry, 284(13), pp. 8930-8939. American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 10.1074/jbc.M809491200

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Adult skeletal muscle accepts ectopic innervation by foreign motor axons only after section of its own nerve, suggesting that the formation of new neuromuscular junctions is promoted by muscle denervation. With the aim to identify new proteins involved in neuromuscular junction formation we performed an mRNA differential display on innervated versus denervated adult rat muscles. We identified transcripts encoding embigin, a transmembrane protein of the immunoglobulin superfamily (IgSF) class of cell adhesion molecules to be strongly regulated by the state of innervation. In innervated muscle it is preferentially localized to neuromuscular junctions. Forced overexpression in innervated muscle of a full-length embigin transgene, but not of an embigin fragment lacking the intracellular domain, promotes nerve terminal sprouting and the formation of additional acetylcholine receptor clusters at synaptic sites without affecting terminal Schwann cell number or morphology, and it delays the retraction of terminal sprouts following re-innervation of denervated endplates. Conversely, knockdown of embigin by RNA interference in wild-type muscle accelerates terminal sprout retraction, both by itself and synergistically with deletion of neural cell adhesion molecule. These findings indicate that embigin enhances neural cell adhesion molecule-dependent neuromuscular adhesion and thereby modulates neuromuscular junction formation and plasticity.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Ophthalmology

UniBE Contributor:

Escher, Pascal

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0021-9258

Publisher:

American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

Language:

English

Submitter:

PD Dr. Pascal Escher

Date Deposited:

10 Jul 2017 15:04

Last Modified:

31 Jul 2017 08:31

Publisher DOI:

10.1074/jbc.M809491200

PubMed ID:

19164284

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.101762

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/101762

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