Functional movement disorders.

Barbey, Anita; Aybek, Selma (2017). Functional movement disorders. Current opinion in neurology, 30(4), pp. 427-434. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins 10.1097/WCO.0000000000000464

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PURPOSE OF REVIEW The review highlights the clinical presentation of functional movement disorders (FMDs) and presents current evidence on bedside signs and paraclinical tests to differentiate them from other neurological disorders. RECENT FINDINGS FMDs are diagnosed by the presence of positive clinical signs as emphasized in the new Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-5 classification criteria. Bedside signs are numerous, and a subset of them has been validated in controlled studies. This review summarizes evidence from the literature on specificity and sensibility of positive clinical signs for FMDs. The value of rule-in paraclinical tests to confirm the diagnosis is also presented. Recent developments in neuroscience with pathophysiological mechanisms and current treatment strategies are also discussed. SUMMARY FMDs represent a field of neurology that is currently rapidly growing in terms of research. Clinicians should be aware that highly reliable signs exist for the diagnosis and that early multidisciplinary treatment should be offered.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Review Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Neurology

UniBE Contributor:

Barbey, Anita and Aybek, Selma

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1350-7540

Publisher:

Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Language:

English

Submitter:

Stefanie Hetzenecker

Date Deposited:

13 Oct 2017 14:42

Last Modified:

01 Aug 2018 02:30

Publisher DOI:

10.1097/WCO.0000000000000464

PubMed ID:

28590986

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.102117

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/102117

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