Psychosocial perspectives in cardiovascular disease.

Pedersen, Susanne S; von Känel, Roland; Tully, Phillip J; Denollet, Johan (2017). Psychosocial perspectives in cardiovascular disease. European journal of preventive cardiology, 24(3Suppl), pp. 108-115. SAGE Publications 10.1177/2047487317703827

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Adaptation to living with cardiovascular disease may differ from patient to patient and is influenced not only by disease severity and limitations incurred by the disease but also by socioeconomic factors (e.g. health literacy), the patients' psychological make-up and susceptibility to distress. Co-morbid depression and/or anxiety is prevalent in 20% of patients with cardiovascular disease, which may be either transient or chronic. Distress, such as depression, reduces adherence, serves as a barrier to behaviour change and the adoption of a healthy lifestyle, and increases the risk that patients drop out of cardiac rehabilitation, impacting on patients' quality of life, risk of hospitalisation and mortality. Hence it is paramount to identify this subset of high-risk patients in clinical practice. This review provides a general overview of the prevalence of selected psychosocial risk factors, their impact on patient-reported and clinical outcomes, and biological and behavioural mechanisms that may explain the association between psychosocial factors and health outcomes. The review also provides recommendations on which self-report screening measures to use to identify patients at high risk due to their psychosocial profile, and the effectiveness of available trials that target these risk factors. Despite challenges and barriers associated with screening of patients combined with appropriate treatment, it is paramount that we treat not only the heart but also the mind in order to improve the quality of care and patient and clinical outcomes.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Review Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > Forschungsbereich Mu50 > Forschungsgruppe Psychosomatik
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > DCR Unit Sahli Building > Forschungsgruppe Neurologie

UniBE Contributor:

von Känel, Roland

ISSN:

2047-4873

Publisher:

SAGE Publications

Language:

English

Submitter:

Stefanie Hetzenecker

Date Deposited:

23 Oct 2017 09:49

Last Modified:

23 Oct 2017 16:00

Publisher DOI:

10.1177/2047487317703827

PubMed ID:

28618908

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Mechanisms interventions patient-reported outcomes prognosis psychosocial factors screening

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.102119

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/102119

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