Association of adaptive and maladaptive narcissism with personal burnout: findings from a cross-sectional study.

von Känel, Roland; Herr, Raphael Manfred; VAN Vianen, Annelies Elizabeth Maria; Schmidt, Burkhard (2017). Association of adaptive and maladaptive narcissism with personal burnout: findings from a cross-sectional study. Industrial health, 55(3), pp. 233-242. National Institute of Industrial Health. 10.2486/indhealth.2016-0136

[img]
Preview
Text
55_2016-0136.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons: Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works (CC-BY-NC-ND).

Download (819kB) | Preview

Burnout is associated with poor mental and physical functioning and high costs for societies. Personality attributes may critically increase the risk of personal burnout. We specifically examined whether narcissism associates with personal burnout in a working population. We studied n=1,461 employees (mean age 41.3 ± 9.4 yr, 52% men) drawn from a random sample of a pharmaceutical company in Germany. All participants completed the personal burnout subscale of the Copenhagen Burnout Inventory and the Narcissistic Personality Inventory to assess maladaptive (entitlement/exploitativeness) and adaptive (leadership/authority) narcissism. In linear regression analysis, when mutually adjusting for the maladaptive and adaptive narcissism scales, higher adaptive narcissism was associated with lower burnout scores (ß=-0.04, p<0.05), whereas higher maladaptive narcissism was associated with higher burnout scores (ß=0.04, p<0.05). Additionally, younger age (ß=-0.07), female gender (ß=0.11), depressive symptoms (ß=0.42), sleep problems (ß=0.30), stress at work (ß=0.23) and at home (ß=0.09) were all independently associated with increased burnout scores (all p-values<0.01). Narcissistic personality attributes may play an important role in personal burnout. While maladaptive narcissism was associated with increased levels of burnout symptoms, adaptive narcissism was associated with fewer burnout symptoms.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > DCR Unit Sahli Building > Forschungsgruppe Neurologie
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > Forschungsbereich Mu50 > Forschungsgruppe Psychosomatik

UniBE Contributor:

von Känel, Roland

ISSN:

0019-8366

Publisher:

National Institute of Industrial Health.

Language:

English

Submitter:

Stefanie Hetzenecker

Date Deposited:

23 Oct 2017 10:12

Last Modified:

23 Oct 2017 15:59

Publisher DOI:

10.2486/indhealth.2016-0136

PubMed ID:

28123136

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Burnout Fatigue Narcissism Personality Psychiatric disorders Psychosocial stress Work environments

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.102127

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/102127

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback