Traits: Composable Units of Behavior

Schärli, Nathanael; Ducasse, Stéphane; Nierstrasz, Oscar; Black, Andrew P. (July 2003). Traits: Composable Units of Behavior. In: European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming. LNCS: Vol. 2743 (pp. 248-274). Berlin Heidelberg: Springer Verlag 10.1007/b11832

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Despite the undisputed prominence of inheritance as the fundamental reuse mechanism in object-oriented programming languages, the main variants —- single inheritance, multiple inheritance, and mixin inheritance —- all suffer from conceptual and practical problems. In the first part of this paper, we identify and illustrate these problems. We then present traits, a simple compositional model for structuring object-oriented programs. A trait is essentially a group of pure methods that serves as a building block for classes and is a primitive unit of code reuse. In this model, classes are composed from a set of traits by specifying glue code that connects the traits together and accesses the necessary state. We demonstrate how traits overcome the problems arising from the different variants of inheritance, we discuss how traits can be implemented effectively, and we summarize our experience applying traits to refactor an existing class hierarchy.

Item Type:

Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Computer Science (INF)
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Computer Science (INF) > Software Composition Group (SCG)

UniBE Contributor:

Ducasse, Stephane and Nierstrasz, Oscar Marius

Subjects:

000 Computer science, knowledge & systems
500 Science > 510 Mathematics

ISBN:

978-3-540-40531-3

Series:

LNCS

Publisher:

Springer Verlag

Language:

English

Submitter:

Manuela Bamert

Date Deposited:

22 Nov 2017 16:07

Last Modified:

22 Nov 2017 16:15

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/b11832

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.104761

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/104761

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