Suicide in adolescents: findings from the Swiss National cohort.

Steck, Nicole; Egger, Matthias; Schimmelmann, Benno G; Kupferschmid, Stephan; Cohort, Swiss National (2018). Suicide in adolescents: findings from the Swiss National cohort. European child & adolescent psychiatry, 27(1), pp. 47-56. Springer 10.1007/s00787-017-1019-6

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Suicide in adolescents is the second most common cause of death in this age group and an important public health problem. We examined sociodemographic factors associated with suicide in Swiss adolescents and analysed time trends in youth suicide in the Swiss National Cohort (SNC). The SNC is a longitudinal study of the whole Swiss resident population, based on linkage of census and mortality records. We identified suicides in adolescents aged 10-18 years from 1991 to 2013. A total of 2.396 million adolescents were included and 592 suicides were recorded, corresponding to a rate of 3.7 per 100,000 [95% confidence interval (CI) 3.4-4.0]. Rates increased with age from 0.0 per 100,000 at age 10 years to 14.8 per 100,000 (95% CI 12.6-17.5) at 18 years in boys, and from 0.0 to 5.4 per 100,000 (4.1-7.2) in girls. Being a boy, living in a single parent household, being an only or middle-born child, and living in rural regions were factors associated with a higher rate of suicide. Hanging was the most common method in boys, and railway suicides were most frequent in girls. There was no clear evidence for an increase or decrease over calendar time. We conclude that familial and socioeconomic factors including type of household, birth order and urbanity are associated with youth suicide in Switzerland. These factors should be considered when designing prevention programmes for youth suicide.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > University Psychiatric Services > University Hospital of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Steck, Nicole; Egger, Matthias and Schimmelmann, Benno Karl Edgar

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 360 Social problems & social services

ISSN:

1018-8827

Publisher:

Springer

Language:

English

Submitter:

Beatrice Minder Wyssmann

Date Deposited:

05 Sep 2017 10:32

Last Modified:

08 Feb 2018 01:30

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s00787-017-1019-6

PubMed ID:

28664290

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Adolescents; Children; Longitudinal study; Suicide; Switzerland

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.104905

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/104905

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