Chronic defensiveness and neuroendocrine dysfunction reflect a novel cardiac troponin T cut point: The SABPA study.

Malan, Leoné; Hamer, Mark; von Känel, Roland; Lambert, Gavin W; Delport, Rhena; Steyn, Hendrik S; Malan, Nicolaas T (2017). Chronic defensiveness and neuroendocrine dysfunction reflect a novel cardiac troponin T cut point: The SABPA study. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 85, pp. 20-27. Elsevier 10.1016/j.psyneuen.2017.07.492

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BACKGROUND Sympatho-adrenal responses are activated as an innate defense coping (DefS) mechanism during emotional stress. Whether these sympatho-adrenal responses drive cardiac troponin T (cTnT) increases are unknown. Therefore, associations between cTnT and sympatho-adrenal responses were assessed. METHODS A prospective bi-ethnic cohort, excluding atrial fibrillation, myocardial infarction and stroke cases, was followed for 3 years (N=342; 45.6±9.0years). We obtained serum high-sensitive cTnT and exposure measures [Coping-Strategy-Indicator, depression/Patient-Health-Questionnarie-9, 24h BP, 24h heart-rate-variability (HRV) and 24h urinary catecholamines]. RESULTS Blacks showed moderate depression (45% vs. 16%) and 24h hypertension (67% vs. 42%) prevalence compared to Whites. A receiver-operating-characteristics cTnT cut-point 4.2ng/L predicting hypertension in Blacks was used as binary outcome measure in relation to exposure measures [AUC 0.68 (95% CI 0.60-0.76); sensitivity/specificity 63/70%; P≤0.001]. Bi-ethnic cTnT-incidence was similar (25-27%) with cTnT-recovery better in Blacks (9%) compared to Whites (5%), P=0.001. In cross-sectional analyses, elevated cTnT was related to DefS [OR 1.08 (95% CI 0.99-1.16); P=0.06]; 24h BP [OR 1.03-1.04 (95% CI 1.01-1.08); P≤0.02] and depressed HRV [OR 2.19 (95% CI 1.09-4.41); P=0.03] in Blacks, but not in Whites. At 3year follow-up, elevated cTnT was related to attenuated urine norepinephrine:creatinine ratio in Blacks [OR 1.46 (95% CI 1.01-2.10); P=0.04]. In Whites, a cut point of 5.6ng/L cTnT predicting hypertension was not associated with exposure measures. CONCLUSION Central neural control systems exemplified a brain-heart stress pathway. Desensitization of sympatho-adrenal responses occurred with initial neural- (HRV) followed by neuroendocrine dysfunction (norepinephrine:creatinine) in relation to elevated cTnT. Chronic defensiveness may thus drive the desensitization or physiological depression, reflecting ischemic heart disease risk at a novel 4.2ng/L cTnT cut-point in Blacks.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > Forschungsbereich Mu50 > Forschungsgruppe Psychosomatik
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > DCR Unit Sahli Building > Forschungsgruppe Neurologie

UniBE Contributor:

von Känel, Roland

ISSN:

0306-4530

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Stefanie Hetzenecker

Date Deposited:

31 Oct 2017 08:31

Last Modified:

31 Oct 2017 08:39

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.psyneuen.2017.07.492

PubMed ID:

28787643

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Catecholamine Defense Depression Heart-rate-variability Troponin T

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.104907

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/104907

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