Differential reliance on the causal core concept in the domain of physics and biology: a revised study

Schneider, Julia; Abbaspour, Sufi; Cacchione, Trix (August 2016). Differential reliance on the causal core concept in the domain of physics and biology: a revised study (Unpublished). In: Emergent Meaning - Neural, Social and Computations Perspectives, a satellite workshop of the 38th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Bethlehem, PA. 10.08.2016.

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Dispositional theories held that people interprete interactions of two objects including an asymmetric impact of forces as causal (Mayrhofr & Waldmann, 2014; Talmy, 1988; White, 2009; Wolff, 2007). This intuitive conception of causality appears to emanate from specific bodily experiences aquired in and reinforced throughout development. This reinforcement occurs whenever bodily force is used to change something physically by direct contact. Two studies examine the developmental origins of causal thinking and intent to compare the adoption of an agent-patient relationship when judging physical and biological phenomena. Children (5-6-year-old, 7-8-year-old, 11-12-year-old) and adults judged a collision and a stinging event with a sentence verification task covering the central aspects of dispositional causality, e.g., assumption of asymmetric forces, agent-patient role distribution, antagonistic interaction, goal-directed production of effect. Adults additionally experienced time pressure. Results indicate that participants cross-domainly rely on a causal core concept when interpreting interactions between two objects. Moreover, the tendency to adopt a disposition of causality appears to increase with age, particularly noticeable in biology. Since the child-oriented setting of the present study could have primed the intuitive thinking, in a revised study, adults repeat the task in a scientific setting. So far, first results slightly support the prior findings.

Item Type:

Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Developmental Psychology

UniBE Contributor:

Schneider, Julia; Abbaspour Chinjani, Sufi and Cacchione, Beatrix

Subjects:

100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology

Language:

English

Submitter:

Julia Schneider

Date Deposited:

12 Jun 2018 10:44

Last Modified:

12 Jun 2018 10:44

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.105342

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/105342

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