Co-producing active lifestyles as whole-system-approach: theory, intervention and knowledge-to-action implications

Rütten, Alfred; Frahsa, Annika; Abel, Thomas; Bergman, Manfred Max; de Leeuw, Evelyne; Hunter, David; Jansen, Maria; King, Abby; Potvin, Louise (2019). Co-producing active lifestyles as whole-system-approach: theory, intervention and knowledge-to-action implications. Health promotion international, 34(1), pp. 47-59. Oxford University Press 10.1093/heapro/dax053

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Population health interventions tend to lack links to the emerging discourse on interactive knowledge production and exchange. This situation may limit both a better understanding of mechanisms that impact health lifestyles and the development of strategies for population level change. This paper introduces an integrated approach based on structure-agency theory in the context of ‘social practice’. It investigates the mechanisms of co-production of active lifestyles by population groups, professionals, policymakers and researchers. It combines a whole system approach with an interactive knowledge-to-action strategy for developing and implementing active lifestyle interventions. A system model is outlined to describe and explain how social practices of selected groups co-produce active lifestyles. Four intervention models for promoting the co-production of active lifestyles through an interactive-knowledge-to-action approach are discussed. Examples from case studies of the German research network Capital4Health are used to illustrate, how intervention models might be operationalized in a real-world intervention. Five subprojects develop, implement and evaluate interventions across the life-course. Although subprojects differ with regard to settings and population groups involved, they all focus on the four key components of the system model. The paper contributes new strategies to address the intervention research challenge of sustainable change of inactive lifestyles. The interactive approach presented allows consideration of the specificities of settings and scientific contexts for manifold purposes. Further research remains needed on what a co-produced knowledge-to-action agenda would look like and what impact it might have for whole system change.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine (ISPM)

UniBE Contributor:

Abel, Thomas


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 360 Social problems & social services




Oxford University Press




Tanya Karrer

Date Deposited:

10 Oct 2017 15:40

Last Modified:

25 Oct 2019 03:16

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

structure and agency, population health intervention research, knowledge exchange, co-production, active lifestyle




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