Toward Three-Dimensional Chemical Imaging of Ternary Cu–Sn–Pb Alloys Using Femtosecond Laser Ablation/Ionization Mass Spectrometry

Grimaudo, Valentine; Moreno, Pavel; Riedo, Andreas; Meyer, Stefan; Tulej, Marek; Neuland, Maike Brigitte; Mohos, Miklós; Gütz, Christoph; Waldvogel, Siegfried R.; Wurz, Peter; Broekmann, Peter (2017). Toward Three-Dimensional Chemical Imaging of Ternary Cu–Sn–Pb Alloys Using Femtosecond Laser Ablation/Ionization Mass Spectrometry. Analytical chemistry, 89(3), pp. 1632-1641. American Chemical Society 10.1021/acs.analchem.6b03738

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Femtosecond laser ablation/ionization mass spectrometry (LIMS) has been applied to probe the spatial element composition of three ternary Cu−Sn−Pb model bronze
alloys (lead bronzes: CuSn10Pb10, CuSn7Pb15, and CuSn5Pb20), which were recently identified as high-performance cathode materials in the context of electro-organic synthesis (dehalogenation, deoxygenation) of pharmaceutically relevant building blocks. The quantitative and spatially resolved element analysis of such cathode materials will help in understanding the observed profound differences in their electrochemical reactivity
and stability. For that purpose, we developed a measurement procedure using the LIMS technique which allows analyzing the element composition of these ternary alloys in all three spatial dimensions. Their chemical composition was determined spotwise, by ablating material from various surface locations on a 4 × 4 raster array (50 μm pitch distance, ablation crater diameter of ~20 μm). The element analyses show significant chemical inhomogeneities in all three ternary bronze alloys with profound local deviations from their nominal bulk compositions and indicate further differences in the nature and origin of these compositional inhomogeneities. In addition, the element analyses
showed specific compositional correlations among the major elements (Cu, Sn, and Pb) in these alloys. On selected sample positions minor (Ni, Zn, Ag, and Sb) and trace elements (C, P, Fe, and As) were quantified. These results are in agreement with
inductively coupled plasma collision/reaction interface mass spectrometry (ICP−CRI-MS) and laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICPMS) reference measurements, thus proving the LIMS depth profiling technique as a powerful
alternative methodology to conventional quantification techniques with the advantage, however, of a highly localized measurement capability.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


08 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute > Space Research and Planetary Sciences
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry, Biochemistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences (DCBP)
08 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute
10 Strategic Research Centers > Center for Space and Habitability (CSH)

UniBE Contributor:

Moreno, Pavel, Riedo, Andreas, Meyer, Stefan, Tulej, Marek, Neuland, Maike Brigitte, Wurz, Peter, Broekmann, Peter


500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
500 Science > 540 Chemistry
500 Science > 520 Astronomy
600 Technology > 620 Engineering
500 Science > 530 Physics




American Chemical Society




Dora Ursula Zimmerer

Date Deposited:

29 Sep 2017 11:27

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 15:07

Publisher DOI:





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