Skills and compensation strategies in adult ADHD - A qualitative study.

Canela, Carlos; Buadze, Anna; Dube, Anish; Eich, Dominique; Liebrenz, Michael (2017). Skills and compensation strategies in adult ADHD - A qualitative study. PLoS ONE, 12(9), e0184964. Public Library of Science 10.1371/journal.pone.0184964

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OBJECTIVE The primary objectives of this study were to investigate how adult patients with ADHD coped with their symptoms prior to diagnosis and treatment, what skills and compensation strategies they had developed and what their self-perceptions of these strategies were. METHODS We used a qualitative approach to analyze interviews with 32 outpatients of a specialty care unit at a university hospital. RESULTS Patients reported frequent use of diverse compensatory strategies with varying degrees of effectiveness. These were classified into five categories (organizational, motoric, attentional, social, psychopharmacological). In certain circumstances, ADHD symptoms were even perceived as useful. CONCLUSION Before diagnosis and treatment, patients with ADHD may develop a variety of skills to cope with their symptoms. Several of these skills are perceived as helpful. Knowledge of self-generated coping strategies may help better understand patients and their histories and thus facilitate patient cooperation. Moreover, knowing ways in which such patients cope with their symptoms may help elucidate reasons for late or under-diagnosing of the disorder.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Legal Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Legal Medicine > Forensic Psychiatric Services

UniBE Contributor:

Liebrenz, Michael

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1932-6203

Publisher:

Public Library of Science

Language:

English

Submitter:

Antoinette Angehrn

Date Deposited:

16 Oct 2017 18:12

Last Modified:

16 Oct 2017 18:20

Publisher DOI:

10.1371/journal.pone.0184964

PubMed ID:

28953946

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.106173

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/106173

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