Ecological Roles of Railway Verges in Anthropogenic Landscapes: A Synthesis of Five Case Studies in Northern France

Vandevelde, J.-C.; Penone, C. (2017). Ecological Roles of Railway Verges in Anthropogenic Landscapes: A Synthesis of Five Case Studies in Northern France. In: Borda-de-Água, Luís; Barrientos, Rafael; Beja, Pedro; Pereira, Henrique Miguel (eds.) Railway Ecology (pp. 261-276). Cham: Springer 10.1007/978-3-319-57496-7_16

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This chapter presents the results of several studies realised between 2010 and 2014 on the French railway network. We assessed several potential ecological roles for this network on various taxa: (1) habitat, (2) corridor/longitudinal connectivity along railways and (3) barrier/transversal connectivity across railways. Our results show that railway verges, contrary to common belief, can have positive effects in anthropogenic landscapes for several taxa and communities. They can be habitats for semi-natural grassland plants, bats and orthopteran. They provide functional connectivity for some plants, but do not seem to increase it for highly mobile invasive species in urban landscapes. Railways also seem to be weaker barriers than roads for one butterfly species. We conclude by proposing a change in management practices, stressing that extensive management coupled with small-scale revegetation processes, either artificial or natural, may help increase the positive effects of railway verges and counteract the negative large-scale effects of urbanisation.

Item Type:

Book Section (Book Chapter)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS) > Plant Ecology
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS)

UniBE Contributor:

Penone, Caterina

Subjects:

500 Science > 580 Plants (Botany)

ISBN:

978-3-319-57495-0

Publisher:

Springer

Language:

English

Submitter:

Peter Alfred von Ballmoos-Haas

Date Deposited:

28 Nov 2017 16:37

Last Modified:

28 Nov 2017 16:37

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/978-3-319-57496-7_16

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Habitat; Corridor; Barrier; Agricultural landscape; Urban landscape; Bat; Orthoptera; Plant; Butterfly; Railway verges management

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.106386

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/106386

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