Does δ18O of O2 record meridional shifts in tropical rainfall?

Seltzer, Alan M.; Buizert, Christo; Baggenstos, Daniel; Brook, Edward J.; Ahn, Jinho; Yang, Ji-Woong; Severinghaus, Jeffrey P. (2017). Does δ18O of O2 record meridional shifts in tropical rainfall? Climate of the past, 13(10), pp. 1323-1338. Copernicus Publications 10.5194/cp-13-1323-2017

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Marine sediments, speleothems, paleo-lake elevations, and ice core methane and δ¹⁸O of O₂ (δ¹⁸Oatm) records provide ample evidence for repeated abrupt meridional shifts in tropical rainfall belts throughout the last glacial cycle. To improve understanding of the impact of abrupt events on the global terrestrial biosphere, we present composite records of δ¹⁸Oatm and inferred changes in fractionation by the global terrestrial biosphere (ΔεLAND) from discrete gas measurements in the WAIS Divide (WD) and Siple Dome (SD) Antarctic ice cores. On the common WD timescale, it is evident that maxima in ΔεLAND are synchronous with or shortly follow small-amplitude WD CH₄ peaks that occur within Heinrich stadials 1, 2, 4, and 5 – periods of low atmospheric CH₄ concentrations. These local CH₄ maxima have been suggested as markers of abrupt climate responses to Heinrich events. Based on our analysis of the modern seasonal cycle of gross primary productivity (GPP)-weighted δ¹⁸O of terrestrial precipitation (the source water for atmospheric O₂ production), we propose a simple mechanism by which ΔεLAND tracks the centroid latitude of terrestrial oxygen production. As intense rainfall and oxygen production migrate northward, ΔεLAND should decrease due to the underlying meridional gradient in rainfall δ¹⁸O. A southward shift should increase ΔεLAND. Monsoon intensity also influences δ¹⁸O of precipitation, and although we cannot determine the relative contributions of the two mechanisms, both act in the same direction. Therefore, we suggest that abrupt increases in ΔεLAND unambiguously imply a southward shift of tropical rainfall. The exact magnitude of this shift, however, remains under-constrained by ΔεLAND.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute > Climate and Environmental Physics

UniBE Contributor:

Baggenstos, Daniel

Subjects:

500 Science > 530 Physics

ISSN:

1814-9324

Publisher:

Copernicus Publications

Language:

English

Submitter:

Doris Rätz

Date Deposited:

22 Nov 2017 12:34

Last Modified:

22 Nov 2017 12:34

Publisher DOI:

10.5194/cp-13-1323-2017

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.106567

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/106567

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