Generation of transgenic rodent malaria parasites by transfection of cell culture-derived merozoites.

Kaiser, Gesine; De Niz Hidalgo, Mariana Isabel; Burda, Paul-Christian; Niklaus, Livia; Limenitakis Stanway, Rebecca; Heussler, Volker (2017). Generation of transgenic rodent malaria parasites by transfection of cell culture-derived merozoites. Malaria journal, 16(1), p. 305. BioMed Central 10.1186/s12936-017-1949-y

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BACKGROUND Malaria research is greatly dependent on and has drastically advanced with the possibility of genetically modifying Plasmodium parasites. The commonly used transfection protocol by Janse and colleagues utilizes blood stage-derived Plasmodium berghei schizonts that have been purified from a blood culture by density gradient centrifugation. Naturally, this transfection protocol depends on the availability of suitably infected mice, constituting a time-based variable. In this study, the potential of transfecting liver stage-derived merozoites was explored. In cell culture, upon merozoite development, infected cells detach from the neighbouring cells and can be easily harvested from the cell culture supernatant. This protocol offers robust experimental timing and temporal flexibility. METHODS HeLa cells are infected with P. berghei sporozoites to obtain liver stage-derived merozoites, which are harvested from the cell culture supernatant and are transfected using the Amaxa Nucleofector(®) electroporation technology. RESULTS Using this protocol, wild type P. berghei ANKA strain and marker-free PbmCherryHsp70-expressing P. berghei parasites were successfully transfected with DNA constructs designed for integration via single- or double-crossover homologous recombination. CONCLUSION An alternative protocol for Plasmodium transfection is hereby provided, which uses liver stage-derived P. berghei merozoites for transfection. This protocol has the potential to substantially reduce the number of mice used per transfection, as well as to increase the temporal flexibility and robustness of performing transfections, if mosquitoes are routinely present in the laboratory. Transfection of liver stage-derived P. berghei parasites should enable generation of transgenic parasites within 8-18 days.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Cell Biology > Malaria
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Cell Biology
09 Interdisciplinary Units > Microscopy Imaging Center (MIC)

UniBE Contributor:

De Niz Hidalgo, Mariana Isabel; Burda, Paul-Christian; Niklaus, Livia; Limenitakis Stanway, Rebecca and Heussler, Volker

Subjects:

500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology

ISSN:

1475-2875

Publisher:

BioMed Central

Funders:

[42] Schweizerischer Nationalfonds
[UNSPECIFIED] SystemsX

Language:

English

Submitter:

Volker Heussler

Date Deposited:

01 Dec 2017 11:11

Last Modified:

22 Oct 2019 20:20

Publisher DOI:

10.1186/s12936-017-1949-y

PubMed ID:

28764716

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Liver stage-derived merozoites Plasmodium berghei Transfection

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.107200

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/107200

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