The influence of sublethal concentrations of sulfur dioxide on morphology, growth and product yield of the duckweed Lemna minor L.

Fankhauser, Heinz; Brunold, Christian; Erismann, Karl Hans (1976). The influence of sublethal concentrations of sulfur dioxide on morphology, growth and product yield of the duckweed Lemna minor L. Oecologia, 23(3), pp. 201-209. Springer 10.1007/BF00361236

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There was no disturbance in the growth of Lemna minor L. with a SO2 concentration of up to 0.3 ppm in air. A SO2 concentration of 0.6 ppm caused an initial depression of the growth rate of about 25%, but in the course of adaptation, the rate rose to the values of the control. The average dry weight per frond was not influenced by the SO2 fumigation. The initial sporadic appearance of chloroses by fumigation with 0.6 ppm SO2 was considered a sign of the proximate toxicity limit for Lemna minor L. With 0.15 ppm SO2 in air, the size of the fronds was reduced. The average surface of the fronds was diminished by 0.3 ppm SO2 for about 16% as compared with the control plants. The protein remained quantitatively uneffected up to a SO2 concentration of 0.6 ppm. As a qualitative influence of SO2, the nitrogen content of the proteins remained constant, but the sulfur content of the proteins increased. Under 0.3 and 0.6 ppm SO2, the starch content decreased immediately by 20–30%, under 0.15 ppm SO2 the decrease reached the same level after a longer time than in the case of the higher concentrations.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS) > Stress Physiology (discontinued)
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS)

UniBE Contributor:

Brunold, Christian and Erismann, Karl Hans

Subjects:

500 Science > 580 Plants (Botany)

ISSN:

0029-8549

Publisher:

Springer

Language:

English

Submitter:

Peter Alfred von Ballmoos-Haas

Date Deposited:

13 Jun 2018 17:37

Last Modified:

23 Oct 2019 06:57

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/BF00361236

Uncontrolled Keywords:

starch; chlorophyll; depression; nitrogen content; product yield

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.107341

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/107341

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