Intercellular Localization of Assimilatory Sulfate Reduction in Leaves of Zea mays and Triticum aestivum

Schmutz, Daniel; Brunold, Christian (1984). Intercellular Localization of Assimilatory Sulfate Reduction in Leaves of Zea mays and Triticum aestivum. Plant Physiology, 74(4), pp. 866-870. American Society of Plant Physiologists 10.1104/pp.74.4.866

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The intercellular distribution of assimilatory sulfate reduction enzymes between mesophyll and bundle sheath cells was analyzed in maize (Zea mays L.) and wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) leaves. In maize, a C4 plant, 96 to 100% of adenosine 5′-phosphosulfate sulfotransferase and 92 to 100% of ATP sulfurylase activity (EC 2.7.7.4) was detected in the bundle sheath cells. Sulfite reductase (EC 1.8.7.1) and O-acetyl-l-serine sulfhydrylase (EC 4.2.99.8) were found in both bundle sheath and mesophyll cell types. In wheat, a C3 species, ATP sulfurylase and adenosine 5′-phosphosulfate sulfotransferase were found at equivalent activities in both mesophyll and bundle sheath cells. Leaves of etiolated maize plants contained appreciable ATP sulfurylase activity but only trace adenosine 5′-phosphosulfate sulfotransferase activity. Both enzyme activities increased in the bundle sheath cells during greening but remained at negligible levels in mesophyll cells. In leaves of maize grown without addition of a sulfur source for 12 d, the specific activity of adenosine 5′-phosphosulfate sulfotransferase and ATP sulfurylase in the bundle sheath cells was higher than in the controls. In the mesophyll cells, however, both enzyme activities remained undetectable. The intercellular distribution of enzymes would indicate that the first two steps of sulfur assimilation are restricted to the bundle sheath cells of C4 plants, and this restriction is independent of ontogeny and the sulfur nutritional status of the plants

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS) > Stress Physiology (discontinued)
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS)

UniBE Contributor:

Brunold, Christian

Subjects:

500 Science > 580 Plants (Botany)

ISSN:

0032-0889

Publisher:

American Society of Plant Physiologists

Language:

English

Submitter:

Peter Alfred von Ballmoos-Haas

Date Deposited:

13 Jun 2018 17:45

Last Modified:

05 Nov 2019 12:10

Publisher DOI:

10.1104/pp.74.4.866

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.107370

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/107370

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