The Analgesic Effect of Ultrasound-Guided Quadratus Lumborum Block After Cesarean Delivery: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Krohg, Anders; Ullensvang, Kyrre; Rosseland, Leiv Arne; Langesæter, Eldrid; Sauter, Axel (2018). The Analgesic Effect of Ultrasound-Guided Quadratus Lumborum Block After Cesarean Delivery: A Randomized Clinical Trial. Anesthesia and analgesia, 126(2), pp. 559-565. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins 10.1213/ANE.0000000000002648

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BACKGROUND Landmark and ultrasound-guided transversus abdominis plane blocks have demonstrated an opioid-sparing effect postoperatively after cesarean delivery. The more posterior quadratus lumborum (QL) might provide superior local anesthetic spread to the thoracolumbar fascia and paravertebral space. The aim of our study was to evaluate the efficacy of the QL block after cesarean delivery. METHODS A randomized, double-blind, controlled trial was performed. Forty parturients undergoing cesarean delivery received bilateral ultrasound-guided QL blocks with either 2 mg/mL ropivacaine or saline postoperatively. All patients received spinal anesthesia with bupivacaine and sufentanil and a postoperative analgesic regimen of paracetamol, ibuprofen, and ketobemidone administered by a patient-controlled analgesic pump. The ketobemidone consumption and time of each dose administered were recorded. The primary outcome was ketobemidone consumption during the first 24 hours postoperatively. Secondary and exploratory analyses compared repeated measures of pain scores, nausea, and fatigue, and total differences in time until patients were able to stand and able to walk 5 m, and the interaction between the effective analgesic score and time. RESULTS All 40 patients completed the trial, 20 in each group. The cumulative ketobemidone consumption in 24 hours was reduced in the active group compared with the control group (P = .04; ratio of means = 0.60; 95% confidence interval, 0.37-0.97). The effective analgesic scores were significantly better in the treatment group compared with the placebo group both at rest (P < .01) and during coughing (P < .01). CONCLUSIONS QL block with ropivacaine reduces the postoperative ketobemidone consumption and pain intensity as a part of a multimodal analgesic regimen that excludes neuraxial morphine.This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives License 4.0 (CCBY-NC-ND), where it is permissible to download and share the work provided it is properly cited. The work cannot be changed in any way or used commercially without permission from the journal.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Intensive Care, Emergency Medicine and Anaesthesiology (DINA) > Clinic and Policlinic for Anaesthesiology and Pain Therapy

UniBE Contributor:

Sauter, Axel

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0003-2999

Publisher:

Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Language:

English

Submitter:

Jeannie Wurz

Date Deposited:

24 Jan 2018 16:06

Last Modified:

24 Jan 2018 16:12

Publisher DOI:

10.1213/ANE.0000000000002648

PubMed ID:

29135590

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.107625

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/107625

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