Long-Term Clinical Safety of High-Dose Proton Radiation Therapy Delivered With Pencil Beam Scanning Technique for Extracranial Chordomas and Chondrosarcomas in Adult Patients: Clinical Evidence of Spinal Cord Tolerance.

Stieb, Sonja; Snider, James W; Placidi, Lorenzo; Kliebsch, Ulrike; Lomax, Anthony J; Schneider, Ralf A; Weber, Damien Charles (2018). Long-Term Clinical Safety of High-Dose Proton Radiation Therapy Delivered With Pencil Beam Scanning Technique for Extracranial Chordomas and Chondrosarcomas in Adult Patients: Clinical Evidence of Spinal Cord Tolerance. International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics, 100(1), pp. 218-225. Elsevier 10.1016/j.ijrobp.2017.08.037

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PURPOSE To assess the radiation dose tolerance of the spinal cord by reviewing our institutional experience regarding the incidence of radiation-induced spinal cord toxicity after high-dose pencil beam scanning proton therapy (PBSPT). METHODS AND MATERIALS Seventy-six patients (median age 53 years; range, 23-79 years) treated for spinal chordoma (n=55) or chondrosarcoma (n=21) met the following criteria and were retrospectively analyzed: PBSPT only, no reirradiation or concomitant chemotherapy, maximum dose (Dmax) to the spinal cord of ≥45 Gy(relative biological effectiveness [RBE]), ≥18 years of age, and follow-up of ≥12 months. The delivered dose was 59.4 to 75.2 Gy(RBE) [median 73.9 Gy(RBE)] delivered with conventional fractionation between 2000 and 2014. The Dmax, D2%, and V40-V60 of the surface (sSC) and center (cSC) of the spinal cord were recorded. Toxicity was scored according to the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events, version 4.03. RESULTS Median follow-up was 65.5 months (range, 13-173 months). Patients received a mean Dmax and D2% to the sSC of 59.0 (median 58.7; range, 48.3-75.9) and 55.3 (median 52.7; range, 43.1-73.8) Gy(RBE), respectively. The corresponding values for the cSC were 52.3 (median 52.7; range, 32.3-73.3) and 51.1 (median 52.0; range, 25.3-73.1) Gy(RBE), respectively. Four patients (5%) developed acute radiation-induced neurotoxicity (grade [G] 1, n=1; G2, n=3). Twelve patients (16%) experienced late neurologic toxicities (G1, n=7; G2, n=4; G4, n=1). One patient with a history of pre-PBSPT symptomatic spinal cord compression redeveloped tetraplegia (G4) after receiving a Dmax of 57.8 Gy(RBE) to the sSC and 54.1 Gy(RBE) to the cSC. No significant correlation was found between sSC Dmax and D2%, cSC Dmax and D2%, or the length of CTV and toxicity. CONCLUSIONS High-dose conformal PBSPT may be delivered safely in close proximity to the spinal cord with minimal neurotoxicity. Dose constraints of 64 Gy(RBE) as D2% for the sSC and 54 Gy(RBE) for the cSC seem appropriate for clinical use.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Haematology, Oncology, Infectious Diseases, Laboratory Medicine and Hospital Pharmacy (DOLS) > Clinic of Radiation Oncology

UniBE Contributor:

Stieb, Sonja and Weber, Damien Charles

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0360-3016

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Beatrice Scheidegger

Date Deposited:

26 Feb 2018 14:47

Last Modified:

11 Dec 2019 16:43

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.ijrobp.2017.08.037

PubMed ID:

29029887

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.107686

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/107686

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