Caries-preventive effect of anti-erosive and nano-hydroxyapatite-containing toothpastes in vitro.

Esteves-Oliveira, M; Santos, N M; Meyer-Lückel, Hendrik; Wierichs, R J; Rodrigues, J A (2017). Caries-preventive effect of anti-erosive and nano-hydroxyapatite-containing toothpastes in vitro. Clinical oral investigations, 21(1), pp. 291-300. Springer 10.1007/s00784-016-1789-0

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OBJECTIVES The aim of the study was to investigate the caries-preventive effect of newly developed fluoride and fluoride-free toothpastes specially designed for erosion prevention. The hypothesis was that these products might also show superior caries-inhibiting effect than regular fluoride toothpastes, since they were designed for stronger erosive acid challenges. MATERIALS AND METHODS Enamel specimens were obtained from bovine teeth and pre-demineralized (pH = 4.95/21 days) to create artificial caries lesions. Baseline mineral loss (ΔZB) and lesion depth (LDB) were determined using transversal microradiography (TMR). Ninety specimens with a median ΔZB (SD) of 6027 ± 1546 vol% × μm were selected and randomly allocated to five groups (n = 18). Treatments during pH-cycling (14 days, 4 × 60 min demineralization/day) were brushing 2×/day with AmF (1400 ppm F-, anti-caries [AC]); AmF/NaF/SnCl2/Chitosan (700 ppm F-/700 ppm F-/3500 ppm Sn2+, anti-erosion [AE1]); NaF/KNO3 (1400 ppm F-, anti-erosion [AE2]); nano-hydroxyapatite-containing (0 ppm F-, [nHA]); and fluoride-free toothpastes (0 ppm F-, negative control [NC]). Toothpaste slurries were prepared with mineral salt solution (1:3 wt/wt). After pH-cycling specimens presenting lesion, surface loss (mainly by NC and nHA) were discarded. For the remaining 77 specimens, new TMR analyses (ΔZE/LDE) were performed. Changes in mineral loss (ΔΔZ = ΔZB - ΔZE) and lesion depth (ΔLD = LDB - LDE) were calculated. RESULTS All toothpastes caused significantly less demineralization (lower ΔΔZ) than NC (p < 0.05, ANOVA) except for nHA. The fluoride toothpastes did not differ significantly regarding ΔΔZ and ΔLD (p > 0.05, ANOVA). CONCLUSION/CLINICAL RELEVANCE While both anti-erosive and anti-caries toothpastes reduced mineral loss to a similar extent, the fluoride-free nano-hydroxyapatite-containing toothpaste seemed not to be suitable for inhibition of caries demineralization in vitro.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Preventive, Restorative and Pediatric Dentistry

UniBE Contributor:

Meyer-Lückel, Hendrik

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1432-6981

Publisher:

Springer

Language:

English

Submitter:

Hendrik Meyer-Lückel

Date Deposited:

10 Jan 2018 16:07

Last Modified:

10 Jan 2018 16:07

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s00784-016-1789-0

PubMed ID:

26993660

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Enamel Erosion Fluoride Nano-hydroxyapatite Stannous Toothpaste

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.107814

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/107814

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