Yawning-Its anatomy, chemistry, role, and pathological considerations.

Krestel, Heinz Eric; Bassetti, Claudio; Walusinski, Olivier (2018). Yawning-Its anatomy, chemistry, role, and pathological considerations. Progress in neurobiology, 161, pp. 61-78. Elsevier 10.1016/j.pneurobio.2017.11.003

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Yawning is a clinical sign of the activity of various supra- and infratentorial brain regions including the putative brainstem motor pattern, hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus, probably the insula and limbic structures that are interconnected via a fiber network. This interaction can be seen in analogy to other cerebral functions arising from a network or zone such as language. Within this network, yawning fulfills its function in a stereotype, reflex-like manner; a phylogenetically old function, preserved across species barriers, with the purpose of arousal, communication, and maybe other functions including respiration. Abnormal yawning with ≥3 yawns/15min without obvious cause arises from lesions of brain areas involved in the yawning zone, its trajectories causing a disconnection syndrome, or from alteration of network activity by physical or metabolic etiologies including medication.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Review Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Neurology

UniBE Contributor:

Krestel, Heinz Eric and Bassetti, Claudio

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1873-5118

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Stefanie Hetzenecker

Date Deposited:

30 Jan 2018 12:50

Last Modified:

28 Oct 2019 12:46

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.pneurobio.2017.11.003

PubMed ID:

29197651

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Arousal Brain cooling Brain tumor Coma Communication Dopamine Epilepsy GABA Migraine Multiple sclerosis NMDA Neurodegenerative Ocytocin Respiration Serotonin Stroke Yawning

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.107878

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/107878

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