Revision Rate of Misplaced Pedicle Screws of the Thoracolumbar Spine-Comparison of Three-Dimensional Fluoroscopy Navigation with Freehand Placement: A Systematic Analysis and Review of the Literature.

Fichtner, Jens; Hofmann, Nicole; Rienmüller, Anna; Buchmann, Niels; Gempt, Jens; Kirschke, Jan S; Ringel, Florian; Meyer, Bernhard; Ryang, Yu-Mi (2018). Revision Rate of Misplaced Pedicle Screws of the Thoracolumbar Spine-Comparison of Three-Dimensional Fluoroscopy Navigation with Freehand Placement: A Systematic Analysis and Review of the Literature. World neurosurgery, 109, e24-e32. Elsevier 10.1016/j.wneu.2017.09.091

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BACKGROUND

Recent studies have shown higher accuracy rates of image-guided pedicle screw placement compared to freehand (FH) placement. However, data focusing on the impact of spinal navigation on the rate of revision surgeries caused by misplaced pedicle screws (PS) are scarce.

OBJECTIVE

This study is aimed at identifying the rate of revision surgeries for misplaced PS comparing three-dimensional (3D) fluoroscopy navigation (3DFL) with FH PS placement.

METHODS

A retrospective analysis was conducted of 2232 patients (mean age, 65.3 ± 13.5 years) with 13,703 implanted PS who underwent instrumentation of the thoracolumbar spine between 2007 and 2015. Group 1 received surgery with use of 3DFL (January 2011 to December 2015), group 2 received surgery in the FH technique (April 2007 to December 2015). Because the use of 3DFL was initiated in January 2011, the examined period for 3DFL-navigated surgeries is shorter. Patients routinely received postoperative computed tomography scans and/or intraoperative control 3D scans.

RESULTS

There was an overall rate of revision surgeries for malpositioned PS of 2.9%. In the 3DFL group, the rate of secondary revision surgeries was significantly lower with 1.35% (15/1112 patients) compared to 4.38% (49/1120 patients) in the FH group, respectively (odds ratio, 3.35; P < 0.01). Of all PS in the 3DFL group (30/7548 PS), 0.40% needed revision surgery (P < 0.01) compared to 1.14% in the FH group (70/6155 PS).

CONCLUSIONS

We were able to show that the use of 3DFL-navigated PS placement significantly reduces the rate of revision surgeries after posterior spinal instrumentation compared to freehand PS placement.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Neurosurgery

UniBE Contributor:

Fichtner, Jens

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1878-8750

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Nicole Söll

Date Deposited:

06 Apr 2018 10:34

Last Modified:

30 Oct 2019 19:38

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.wneu.2017.09.091

PubMed ID:

28951183

Uncontrolled Keywords:

3D fluoroscopy navigation Computer-assisted navigation (CAN) Computer-assisted spine surgery (CASS) Freehand technique Image-guided spine surgery (IGSS) Pedicle screw accuracy Pedicle screw instrumentation Thoracolumbar spine

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.107951

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/107951

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