Specificities of Ischemic Stroke Risk Factors in Arab-Speaking Countries.

Abboud, Halim; Sissani, Leila; Labreuche, Julien; Arauz, Antonio; Bousser, Marie-Germaine; Bryer, Alain; Chamorro, Angel; Fisher, Marc; Ford, Ian; Fox, Kim M; Hennerici, Michael G; Lavados, Pablo M; Massaro, Ayrton; Mattle, Heinrich; Munoz Collazos, Mario; Rothwell, Peter M; Steg, Philippe Gabriel; Vicaut, Eric; Yamouth, Bassem and Amarenco, Pierre (2017). Specificities of Ischemic Stroke Risk Factors in Arab-Speaking Countries. Cerebrovascular diseases, 43(3-4), pp. 169-177. Karger 10.1159/000454776

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BACKGROUND Stroke is largely preventable, and therefore, a better understanding of risk factors is an essential step in reducing the population stroke rate and resulting disease burden in Arab countries. SUMMARY We performed 2 separate analyses in 2 similar populations of patients with noncardioembolic ischemic stroke. This first involved 3,635 patients in the Outcomes in Patients with TIA and Cerebrovascular disease (OPTIC) registry (followed for 2 years), with baseline collection of the usual risk factors and 5 socioeconomic variables (unemployment status, residence in rural area, living in fully serviced accommodation, no health-insurance coverage, and low educational level). The second involved patients in the PERFORM trial (n = 19,100 followed up for 2 years), with baseline collection of the usual risk factors and 1 socioeconomic variable (low educational level). The primary outcome was a composite of nonfatal stroke, nonfatal myocardial infarction, or cardiovascular death. Stroke risk factors were more prevalent in patients in Arab countries. The incidence of major cardiovascular events (MACE; age- and gender-adjusted) was higher in Arab countries (OPTIC, 18.5 vs. 13.3%; PERFORM, 18.4 vs. 9.7%; both p ≤ 0.0001). These results remained significant after adjustment on risk factors and were attenuated in OPTIC after further adjustment on socioeconomic variables (hazard ratio 1.24; 95% CI 0.98-1.55; p = 0.07). Key Messages: Patients with ischemic stroke living in Arab countries had a lower mean socioeconomic status, a much higher prevalence of diabetes mellitus, and a higher rate of MACE compared with patients from non-Arab countries. This finding is partly explained by a higher prevalence of risk factors and also by a high prevalence of poverty and low educational level.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Neurology

UniBE Contributor:

Mattle, Heinrich

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1015-9770

Publisher:

Karger

Language:

English

Submitter:

Stefanie Hetzenecker

Date Deposited:

07 Mar 2018 10:53

Last Modified:

01 May 2018 02:30

Publisher DOI:

10.1159/000454776

PubMed ID:

28199997

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.107964

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/107964

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