Neoadjuvant radiotherapy combined with capecitabine and sorafenib in patients with advanced KRAS-mutated rectal cancer: A phase I/II trial (SAKK 41/08).

von Moos, Roger; Koeberle, Dieter; Schacher, Sabina; Hayoz, Stefanie; Winterhalder, Ralph C; Roth, Arnaud; Bodoky, György; Samaras, Panagiotis; Berger, Martin D.; Rauch, Daniel; Saletti, Piercarlo; Plasswilm, Ludwig; Zwahlen, Daniel; Meier, Urs R; Yan, Pu; Izzo, Paola; Klingbiel, Dirk; Bärtschi, Daniela; Zaugg, Kathrin (2018). Neoadjuvant radiotherapy combined with capecitabine and sorafenib in patients with advanced KRAS-mutated rectal cancer: A phase I/II trial (SAKK 41/08). European journal of cancer, 89, pp. 82-89. Elsevier 10.1016/j.ejca.2017.11.005

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BACKGROUND KRAS mutation occurs in ∼40% of locally advanced rectal cancers (LARCs). The multitarget tyrosine kinase inhibitor sorafenib has radiosensitising effects and might improve outcomes for standard preoperative chemoradiotherapy in patients with KRAS-mutated LARC. METHODS Adult patients with KRAS-mutated T3/4 and/or N1/2M0 LARC were included in this phase I/II study. The phase I dose-escalation study of capecitabine plus sorafenib and radiotherapy was followed by a phase II study assessing efficacy and safety. Primary end-points were to: establish the maximum tolerated dose of the regimen in phase I; determine the pathologic complete response (pCR) rate in phase II defined as Dworak regression grade 3 and 4. RESULTS Fifty-four patients were treated at 18 centres in Switzerland and Hungary; 40 patients were included in the single-arm phase II study. Recommended doses from phase I comprised radiotherapy (45 Gy in 25 fractions over 5 weeks) with capecitabine 825 mg/m2 twice daily × 33 plus sorafenib 400 mg/d. Median daily dose intensity in phase II was radiotherapy 100%, capecitabine 98.6%, and sorafenib 100%. The pCR rate (Dworak 3/4) was 60% (95% CI, 43.3-75.1%) by central independent pathologic review. Sphincter preservation was achieved in 89.5%, R0 resection in 94.7%, and downstaging in 81.6%. The most common grade 3 toxicities during phase II included diarrhoea (15.0%), skin toxicity outside radiotherapy field (12.5%), pain (7.5%), skin toxicity in radiotherapy field, proctitis, fatigue and cardiac ischaemia (each 5%). CONCLUSIONS Combining sorafenib and standard chemoradiotherapy with capecitabine is highly active in patients with KRAS-mutated LARC with acceptable toxicity and deserves further investigation. www.clinicaltrials.gov: NCT00869570.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Haematology, Oncology, Infectious Diseases, Laboratory Medicine and Hospital Pharmacy (DOLS) > Clinic of Medical Oncology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Haematology, Oncology, Infectious Diseases, Laboratory Medicine and Hospital Pharmacy (DOLS) > Clinic of Radiation Oncology

UniBE Contributor:

Berger, Martin Dave; Rauch, Daniel; Plasswilm, Ludwig and Zaugg, Kathrin

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0959-8049

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Beatrice Scheidegger

Date Deposited:

30 Jan 2018 10:59

Last Modified:

24 Oct 2019 03:56

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.ejca.2017.11.005

PubMed ID:

29241084

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Chemoradiotherapy Dose escalation Efficacy Safety Tyrosine kinase inhibitor

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.108158

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/108158

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