0.2 to 10 keV electrons interacting with water ice: Radiolysis, sputtering, and sublimation

Galli, André; Vorburger, Audrey Helena; Wurz, Peter; Pommerol, Antoine; Cerubini, Romain Ivan Valentin; Jost, Bernhard; Poch, Olivier; Tulej, Marek; Thomas, Nicolas (2018). 0.2 to 10 keV electrons interacting with water ice: Radiolysis, sputtering, and sublimation. Planetary and space science, 155, pp. 91-98. Elsevier 10.1016/j.pss.2017.11.016

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We present new laboratory experiments investigating various water ice samples, ranging from thin ice films to porous thick ice layers, that are irradiated with electrons. The molecules leaving the ice are monitored with a pressure gauge and a mass spectrometer. Most particles released from the ice are H₂ and O₂, the observed ratio of 2:1 is consistent with H₂O being radiolysed into H₂ + 1/2 O₂ upon irradiation. H₂O₂ is likely a minor contribution of radiolysis, amounting to 0:001±0:001 of the total gas release from the ice sample. Neither the physical properties of the ice, nor the energy, nor the electron impact angle have any obvious effect on the relative abundances of the radiolysis products. The absolute sputtering yield (i.e., the ratio of produced O₂ or destroyed H₂O per impacting electron) increases with energy until a few 100 eV. For higher energies up to 10 keV the yield remains roughly constant, once the saturation dose of the ice is reached. This indicates that ongoing irradiation eventually releases the radiolysis products from the water ice even for penetration depths of several micrometers.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute > Space Research and Planetary Sciences
08 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute
08 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute > NCCR PlanetS

UniBE Contributor:

Galli, André; Vorburger, Audrey Helena; Wurz, Peter; Pommerol, Antoine; Cerubini, Romain Ivan Valentin; Jost, Bernhard; Poch, Olivier; Tulej, Marek and Thomas, Nicolas

Subjects:

500 Science > 520 Astronomy
600 Technology > 620 Engineering
500 Science > 530 Physics

ISSN:

0032-0633

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Dora Ursula Zimmerer

Date Deposited:

11 Apr 2018 10:47

Last Modified:

22 Mar 2019 10:47

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.pss.2017.11.016

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.108225

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/108225

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