Effect of the α2 -receptor agonists medetomidine, detomidine, xylazine, and romifidine on the ketamine metabolism in equines assessed with enantioselective capillary electrophoresis.

Sandbaumhüter, Friederike Andrea; Theurillat, Regula; Bettschart-Wolfensberger, Regula; Thormann, Wolfgang (2017). Effect of the α2 -receptor agonists medetomidine, detomidine, xylazine, and romifidine on the ketamine metabolism in equines assessed with enantioselective capillary electrophoresis. Electrophoresis, 38(15), pp. 1895-1904. Wiley-VCH 10.1002/elps.201700017

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The combination of ketamine and an α2 -receptor agonist is often used in veterinary medicine. Four different α2 -receptor agonists, medetomidine, detomidine, xylazine, and romifidine, which differ in their chemical structure and thus in selectivity for the α2 -receptor and in the sedative and analgesic potency, are typically employed during surgery of equines. Recovery following anesthesia with ketamine and an α2 -receptor agonist is dependent on the α2 -receptor agonist. This prompted us to investigate (i) the inhibition characteristics for the N-demethylation of ketamine to norketamine and (ii) the formation of the ketamine metabolites norketamine, 6-hydroxynorketamine (6HNK), and 5,6-dehydronorketamine (DHNK) in presence of the four α2 -receptor agonists and equine liver microsomes. Samples were analyzed with enantioselective capillary electrophoresis using highly sulfated γ-cyclodextrin as chiral selector. All four α2 -receptor agonists have an impact on the ketamine metabolism. Medetomidine was found to be the strongest inhibitor, followed by detomidine, whereas xylazine and romifidine showed almost no effect on the ketamine N-demethylation in the inhibition studies with a short-incubation period of the reaction mixture. After prolonged incubation, inhibition with xylazine and romifidine was also observed. The formation of 6HNK and DHNK is affected by all selected α2 -receptor agonists. With medetomidine, levels of these metabolites are reduced compared to the case without an α2 -receptor agonist. For detomidine, xylazine, and romifidine, the opposite was found.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute for Infectious Diseases > Laboratory for Clinical Pharmacology

UniBE Contributor:

Sandbaumhüter, Friederike Andrea; Theurillat, Regula and Thormann, Wolfgang

ISSN:

0173-0835

Publisher:

Wiley-VCH

Language:

English

Submitter:

Wolfgang Thormann

Date Deposited:

21 Feb 2018 09:08

Last Modified:

23 Oct 2019 14:38

Publisher DOI:

10.1002/elps.201700017

PubMed ID:

28251651

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Capillary electrophoresis Equine liver microsomes Ketamine α2-receptor agonist

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.108287

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/108287

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