Dual-Energy CTA in Patients with Symptomatic Peripheral Arterial Occlusive Disease: Study of Diagnostic Accuracy and Impeding Factors.

Klink, Thorsten; Wilhelm, Theresa; Roth, Christine; Heverhagen, Johannes (2017). Dual-Energy CTA in Patients with Symptomatic Peripheral Arterial Occlusive Disease: Study of Diagnostic Accuracy and Impeding Factors. RöFo. Fortschritte auf dem Gebiet der Röntgenstrahlen und der bildgebenden Verfahren, 189(5), pp. 441-452. Thieme 10.1055/s-0043-101526

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Purpose The purpose of this study was to assess the diagnostic performance of dual-energy CT angiography (DE-CTA) in patients with symptomatic peripheral artery occlusive disease (PAOD) and to identify factors that impede its diagnostic accuracy. Materials and Methods Dual-source DE-CTA scans of the lower extremities of 94 patients were retrospectively compared to the diagnostic reference standard, digital subtraction angiography (DSA). Two independent observers assessed PAOD incidence, image quality, artifacts, and diagnostic accuracy of DE-CTA in 1014 arterial segments on axial, combined 80/140 kVp reconstructions and on 3 D maximum intensity projections (MIP) after automated bone and plaque removal. The impact of calcifications, image quality, and image artifacts on the diagnostic accuracy was evaluated using Fisher's exact test. Furthermore, interobserver agreement was analyzed. Results Two observers achieved sensitivities of 98.0 % and 93.9 %, respectively, and specificities of 75.0 % and 66.7 %, respectively, for detecting stenoses of > 50 % of the lower extremity arteries. Calcifications impeded specificity, e. g. from 81.2 % to 46.2 % for reader 1 (p < 0.001). Specificity increased with higher image quality, e. g. from 70.0 % to 76.4 % for reader 1 (p < 0.001). Artifacts decreased the specificity of reader 2 (p < 0.001). The overall interobserver agreement ranged between moderate and substantial for stenosis detection and calcified plaques. Conclusion DE-CTA is accurate in the detection of arterial stenoses of > 50 % in symptomatic PAOD patients. Calcified atherosclerotic plaques, image quality, and artifacts may impede specificity. Key Points:  · Sensitivities of DE-CTA were 98.0 and 93.9 %, specificities 75.0 % and 66.7 %.. · Interobserver agreement was moderate to substantial for stenosis and plaque detection.. · Calcified atherosclerotic plaques, image quality, and artifacts may impede specificity.. Citation Format · Klink T, Wilhelm T, Roth C et al. Dual-Energy CTA in Patients with Symptomatic Peripheral Arterial Occlusive Disease: Study of Diagnostic Accuracy and Impeding Factors. Fortschr Röntgenstr 2017; 189: 441 - 452.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Radiology, Neuroradiology and Nuclear Medicine (DRNN) > Institute of Diagnostic, Interventional and Paediatric Radiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > DBMR Forschung Mu35 > Forschungsgruppe Radiologie
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > DBMR Forschung Mu35 > Forschungsgruppe Radiologie

UniBE Contributor:

Heverhagen, Johannes

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1438-9029

Publisher:

Thieme

Language:

English

Submitter:

Nicole Rösch

Date Deposited:

27 Feb 2018 15:49

Last Modified:

27 Feb 2018 15:49

Publisher DOI:

10.1055/s-0043-101526

PubMed ID:

28249314

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.108389

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/108389

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