[Types of pain coping in chronic pain patients]

Grolimund, J.; Studer, M.; Stewart, J. A.; Egloff, N.; grosse Holtforth, M. (2018). [Types of pain coping in chronic pain patients]. Der Schmerz, 32(1), pp. 39-47. Springer 10.1007/s00482-017-0261-7

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Background: The characterizationof subtypes of chronic pain patients based on their pain coping profiles may contribute to a better understanding of the pain syndrome, to more specific indications of established treatment options as well as to further development of therapeutic interventions. Objective: The aim of this study was to examine whether different subgroups of chronic pain patients emerge when using the German pain coping questionnaire (FESV) to identify homogeneous subgroups of pain coping patterns. Furthermore, the aim was to examine whether these pain coping subgroups differ in terms of sociodemographic characteristics, as well as pain and treatment-relatedaspects. Material and methods: A total of 166 inpatients with a chronic pain disorder according to ICD-10 F45.41 were examined as part of the routine assessment within an interdisciplinary pain treatment program. Cognitive and behavioral pain coping and pain-related psychological impairment were measured with the FESV as components of pain coping. Using cluster analyses, homogeneous patient subgroups were generated on the basis of pain coping data. The resulting subgroups were subsequently compared regarding sociodemographic characteristics, pain-related impairment, global psychological distress, depression, anxiety, perceived stress, utilization of social support and motivation for psychotherapy. Results and conclusion: The results revealed three distinct subgroups regarding pain coping patterns: (1) high impairmentand high coping, (2) low impairment and high coping and (3) high impairment and low coping. The subgroups differed significantly in almost all characteristics, except for pain duration and pain intensity. The categorization into the abovementioned pain coping subtypes may assist clinicians in tailoring pain treatment to the needs and characteristicsof the individual patients.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Further Contribution)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Neurology > Centre of Competence for Psychosomatic Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Neurology
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology

UniBE Contributor:

Grolimund, Johannes; Stewart, Julian Anthony Wharton; Egloff, Niklaus and Grosse Holtforth, Martin

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology

ISSN:

0932-433X

Publisher:

Springer

Language:

German

Submitter:

Salome Irina Rahel Bötschi

Date Deposited:

28 Mar 2018 11:11

Last Modified:

25 Apr 2018 12:32

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s00482-017-0261-7

PubMed ID:

29270853

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.108488

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/108488

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