Duration of Absence from Work Is Related to Psychopathology, Personality, and Sociodemographic Variables in a Longitudinal Cohort.

Gamma, Alex; Schleifer, Roman; Warnke, Ingeborg Lisa Maria; Ajdacic-Gross, Vladeta; Rössler, Wulf; Angst, Jules; Liebrenz, Michael (2017). Duration of Absence from Work Is Related to Psychopathology, Personality, and Sociodemographic Variables in a Longitudinal Cohort. Frontiers in psychiatry, 8(252), p. 252. Frontiers 10.3389/fpsyt.2017.00252

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Objective To examine, in a non-clinical sample, the association of psychopathology, personality, sociodemographic information, and psychosocial indicators of non-occupational functioning with the duration of absence from work in the past 12 months. Method A longitudinal community cohort of 591 adults from Switzerland was analyzed using multilevel ordered logistic regression, with several alternative models as robustness checks. Psychopathology was assessed using the total score (Global Severity Index) of the Symptom Check List-90 Revised. Results The highest psychopathology levels were associated with absences of 3 or more week duration, largely independently of age. Extraversion and being divorced, widowed or separated also corresponded with longer absences from work in some analyses. No effect of sex was found. Most effects tested were not statistically significant and estimates showed large uncertainty. Conclusion Although tentative, our results suggest a possible influence of psychopathology on work participation. It may thus be desirable in insurance-medical appraisals of work ability to include instruments for measuring psychopathology.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Legal Medicine > Forensic Psychiatric Services
04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Legal Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Gamma, Alex; Schleifer, Roman; Warnke, Ingeborg Lisa Maria and Liebrenz, Michael

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1664-0640

Publisher:

Frontiers

Language:

English

Submitter:

Antoinette Angehrn

Date Deposited:

20 Mar 2018 14:36

Last Modified:

25 Mar 2018 03:17

Publisher DOI:

10.3389/fpsyt.2017.00252

PubMed ID:

29238308

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Switzerland epidemiology longitudinal psychopathology work participation

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.108490

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/108490

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