Perception-action coupling in complex game play: Exploring the quiet eye in contested basketball jump shots

Klostermann, André; Panchuk, Derek; Farrow, Damian (2018). Perception-action coupling in complex game play: Exploring the quiet eye in contested basketball jump shots. Journal of sports sciences, 36(9), pp. 1054-1060. Taylor & Francis 10.1080/02640414.2017.1355063

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The duration of the final fixation before movement initiation – a gaze strategy labelled quiet eye – has been found to explain differences in motor expertise and performance in precision tasks. To date, research only addressed this phenomenon in situations without adversarial constraints. In the present study, we compared the quiet-eye behaviour of intermediately-skilled and highly-skilled basketball players in defended vs. undefended game situations. We predicted differences in quiet-eye duration as a function of skill and performance particularly resulting from late quiet-eye offsets. Results indicated performance-enhancing effects of long quiet-eye durations in the defended but not in the undefended game situation. Furthermore, in line with our prediction, later quiet-eye offsets were associated with superior performance elucidating the phenomenon’s relevance in online-demanding motor tasks. Further, earlier quiet-eye onsets were linked to successful performance supporting earlier suggestions that it is not only the duration but also the timing that matters. These findings not only extend the positive effects of the quiet eye in motor performance to dynamic game-play situations but also support the role of the quiet eye in response to programming and information processing respectively.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW)
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW) > Sport Science IV

UniBE Contributor:

Klostermann, André

Subjects:

700 Arts > 790 Sports, games & entertainment

ISSN:

0264-0414

Publisher:

Taylor & Francis

Language:

English

Submitter:

André Klostermann

Date Deposited:

30 Jan 2018 15:08

Last Modified:

06 May 2019 18:22

Publisher DOI:

10.1080/02640414.2017.1355063

PubMed ID:

28707506

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/108745

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