Breath-to-breath variability of exhaled CO2 as a marker of lung dysmaturity in infancy.

Fouzas, Sotirios; Theodorakopoulos, Ilias; Delgado-Eckert, Edgar Wilfried; Latzin, Philipp; Frey, Urs Peter (2017). Breath-to-breath variability of exhaled CO2 as a marker of lung dysmaturity in infancy. Journal of applied physiology, 123(6), pp. 1563-1570. American Physiological Society 10.1152/japplphysiol.00372.2017

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The concept of diffusional screening implies that breath-to-breath variations in CO2 clearance, when related to the variability of breathing, may contain information on the quality and utilization of the available alveolar surface. We explored the validity of the above hypothesis in a cohort of young infants of comparable post-menstrual age but born at different stages of lung maturity, namely, in term-born infants (N = 128), preterm-born infants without chronic lung disease of infancy (CLDI) (N = 53) and preterm infants with moderate/severe CLDI (N = 87). Exhaled CO2 volume (VE,CO2) and concentration (FE,CO2) were determined by volumetric capnography, while their variance was assessed by linear and non-linear variability metrics. The relationship between relative breath-to-breath change of VE,CO2 (ΔVE,CO2) and the corresponding change of tidal volume (VT), was also analyzed. Non-linear FE,CO2 variability was lower in CLDI compared to term and non-CLDI preterm group (P<0.001 for both comparisons). In CLDI infants, most of the VE,CO2 variability was attributed to the variability of VT (R2 0.749), while in term and healthy preterm infants this relationship was weaker (R2 0.507 and 0.630, respectively). The ΔVE,CO2-ΔVT slope was less steep in the CLDI group (1.06 ± 0.07) compared to non-CLDI preterm (1.16 ± 0.07; P <0.001) and term infants (1.20 ± 0.10; P <0.001), suggesting that the more dysmature the infant lung the less efficiently it eliminates CO2 under tidal breathing conditions. We conclude that the temporal variation of CO2 clearance may be related to the degree of lung dysmaturity in early infancy.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > Unit Childrens Hospital > Forschungsgruppe Pneumologie (Pädiatrie)
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Paediatric Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Paediatric Medicine > Paediatric Pneumology

UniBE Contributor:

Latzin, Philipp and Frey, Urs Peter

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

8750-7587

Publisher:

American Physiological Society

Language:

English

Submitter:

Romy Melanie Rodriguez Del Rio

Date Deposited:

12 Feb 2018 10:40

Last Modified:

22 Oct 2019 18:34

Publisher DOI:

10.1152/japplphysiol.00372.2017

PubMed ID:

28883045

Uncontrolled Keywords:

alveolarization breathing variability capnography diffusional screening lung dysmaturity

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.109254

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/109254

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