Surface modification of pig endothelial cells with a branched heparin conjugate improves their compatibility with human blood.

Bongoni, Anjan K; Salvaris, Evelyn; Nordling, Sofia; Klymiuk, Nikolai; Wolf, Eckhard; Ayares, David L; Rieben, Robert; Magnusson, Peetra U; Cowan, Peter J (2017). Surface modification of pig endothelial cells with a branched heparin conjugate improves their compatibility with human blood. Scientific Reports, 7(1), p. 4450. Nature Publishing Group 10.1038/s41598-017-04898-w

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Corline Heparin Conjugate (CHC), a compound of multiple unfractionated heparin chains, coats cells with a glycocalyx-like layer and may inhibit (xeno)transplant-associated activation of the plasma cascade systems. Here, we investigated the use of CHC to protect WT and genetically modified (GTKO.hCD46.hTBM) pig aortic endothelial cells (PAEC) in two pig-to-human in vitro xenotransplantation settings. Model 1: incubation of untreated or hTNFα-treated PAEC with 10% human plasma induced complement C3b/c and C5b-9 deposition, cellular activation and coagulation activation in WT and GTKO.hCD46.hTBM PAEC. Coating of untreated or hTNFα-treated PAEC with CHC (100 µg/ml) protected against human plasma-induced endothelial activation and damage. Model 2: PAEC were grown on microcarrier beads, coated with CHC, and incubated with non-anticoagulated whole human blood. Genetically modified PAEC significantly prolonged clotting time of human blood (115.0 ± 16.1 min, p < 0.001) compared to WT PAEC (34.0 ± 8.2 min). Surface CHC significantly improved the human blood compatibility of PAEC, as shown by increased clotting time (WT: 84.3 ± 11.3 min, p < 0.001; GTKO.hCD46.hTBM: 146.2 ± 20.4 min, p < 0.05) and reduced platelet adhesion, complement activation, coagulation activation and inhibition of fibrinolysis. The combination of CHC coating and genetic modification provided the greatest compatibility with human blood, suggesting that pre-transplant perfusion of genetically modified porcine organs with CHC may benefit post-transplant xenograft function.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > Forschungsbereich Mu50 > Forschungsgruppe Herz und Gefässe

UniBE Contributor:

Rieben, Robert


500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology




Nature Publishing Group




Marla Rittiner

Date Deposited:

02 Feb 2018 11:54

Last Modified:

24 Oct 2019 09:07

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:





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